Municipal elections – Poland
EU citizens who are not Polish citizens must register in order to be able to vote in municipal elections.
EU citizens permanently resident in Poland and entitled to exercise electoral rights in Poland may apply to be placed on the electoral roll for EU citizens who are not Polish citizens in the municipality where they are resident.
The exercise of electoral rights in Poland for EU citizens who are not Polish citizens placed on the electoral roll in a municipality at their own request includes:
- the right to elect Members of the European Parliament
- the right to elect municipal councillors
- the right to elect a mayor (wójt, burmistrz, prezydent miasta)
- the right to participate in a municipal referendum
EU citizens who are not Polish citizens, who have not previously been placed on the electoral roll should apply to the municipal authority responsible for the place where they are permanently resident.
A copy of their passport or other form of ID and a written declaration should be attached to the application.
The declaration should state that the applicant wishes to exercise their electoral rights in Poland and has not been deprived of electoral rights in their country of origin.
Application and declaration forms are available from the municipal authority's population registration department. There is no fiscal charge for submitting an application.
Voting in municipal elections is not compulsory for those entered on the electoral roll.
Conditions for standing as a candidate in municipal elections
Any citizen who has the right to vote is eligible to stand for election to a municipal council on condition that they are aged 18 or over on the day of the election and are permanently resident in the municipality.
All citizens who have the right to vote are eligible to stand in mayoral elections on the condition that they turn 25 at the latest on the day of the election.
EU citizens who are not Polish citizens may serve as mayors and councillors. However, a foreign national elected to municipal office may not hold municipal (or other) office simultaneously in Poland and abroad. Mayor candidates (pol. wójt) need not be permanent residents of the municipality where they are standing for election. Candidates for councillors must permanently reside in the area of the municipality.