Last checked: 04/01/2021

Unemployment & benefits

Affected by Brexit?

The rules and conditions presented on this page still apply to EU citizens in the UK and to UK citizens in the EU provided they are protected by the EU-UK Withdrawal Agreement.

If you acquired any social security rights (such as the right to healthcare, unemployment benefits, pensions) before 31 December 2020, the EU-UK Withdrawal Agreement sets out the general rules for the protection of these rights. Read more about EU citizen’s rights in the UK.

If you think that your rights under EU law are not being respected and you need advice, contact our assistance service.

If you are an EU national in the UK, you should first seek redress with the relevant UK authorities. If the problem persists, you can report a breach of your rights to the UK Independent Monitoring Authority.

If you are a UK national in an EU country and want to complain, you can report it to the European Commission.

The way social security is organised differs greatly within Europe, and every EU country remains free to design its social security system independently.

EU rules determine however under which country's system you should be insured when two or more countries are involved - for instance, if you live or work abroad in the EU.

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