- rank appliances on a scale from A to G according to how much energy they consume
- help consumers save money by choosing products that consume less energy
- can encourage companies to design products that consume less energy
Class A (green) appliances consume the least energy – making them the most energy‑efficient. Class G (red) appliances consume the most energy.
EU rules on energy labelling also apply to some ‘energy‑related products': goods or systems with an impact on energy consumption during use. The rules do not apply to second-hand products or to means of transport for persons or goods.
Label rating system without the plus sign
Since March 2021, the energy label rating system uses A to G rankings only, instead of A+++ to D ratings as before. This new rating system applies to the following product groups:
- washing machines
- light bulbs and lamps
The first 4 product groups must feature the rescaled labels from 1 March 2021. Light bulbs and lamps must feature the rescaled label from 1 September 2021.
Products that require labels
For certain product groups, an energy label must be clearly displayed on each product at the point of sale.
Product categories that require energy labels
- Light bulbs and lamps
- Fridges and freezers
- Washing machines and driers
- Air conditioners and fans
- Electronic displays, including televisions
- Kitchen appliances
Obligations of manufacturers and resellers
If you are an EU-based manufacturer, an importer or an authorised representative of a non-EU manufacturer, you must do the following before placing a product on the EU market:
- register all products requiring an energy label in the European Product Database for Energy Labelling (EPREL)
- ensure that every appliance you sell that requires it bears a compliant energy label
- provide the labels and product information sheet to dealers free of charge
- ensure that labels are affixed so they are visible and legible in shops and for online sales
EPREL product database
All products requiring energy labels must be registered in the EPREL database before they can be sold on the EU market. The information you need to submit includes:
- product information sheet
- technical documentation
- compliance monitoring
The first step you need to take is to create a ‘new supplier organisation' (= your company) on the EPREL website. This will include creating an EU login account. The EU login account will also provide access to the EPREL guidelines for information on the registration process.
Online or other distance selling
If you sell products to customers without any face‑to‑face contact, you must still provide the energy label information. For internet sales, you must clearly display, near the price and in the same font size, the product's:
- energy label
- energy class with a nested arrow that links to the energy label
Staying up to date
As technologies evolve, so do the rules. Requirements that can change include product information that you must make available, indicators used to rank a product and where labels must be placed. You should monitor: