Last checked: 13/05/2020

Residence rights

Affected by Brexit?

On 1 January 2021, the rules for EU citizens living in or moving to the UK will change. The same applies to UK nationals living in or moving to an EU country.

I have permanent residence in the UK/EU or will acquire it during the transition period

In principle, you and your family members will continue to have permanent residence in your host country. This includes non‑EU family members. In the UK, you must however apply to the EU settlement scheme to be granted a new residence status. In the EU, check with your host country’s authorities as soon as possible if it is mandatory to apply for a new residence status.

I reside in the UK/EU but am not yet entitled to permanent residence

In principle, you and your family members will continue to keep your current residence in your host country. This includes non‑EU family members. In the UK, you must however apply to the EU settlement scheme to be granted a new residence status. In the EU, check with your host country’s authorities as soon as possible if it is mandatory to apply for a new residence status.

I want to move to the UK/EU

You and your family members may move to the UK or to an EU country under the current EU rules until 31 December 2020. This includes non‑EU family members. In the UK, you must then apply to the EU settlement scheme. In the EU, check with your host country’s authorities whether you have to register and if it is mandatory to apply for a new residence status.

I want to go to the UK/EU for a short stay

Current rules on reporting presence, registering your residence abroad, registering your EU family, registering your non-EU family continue to apply until at least 31 December 2020.

I need help

If you think that your rights under EU law are not being respected, contact our assistance services.

Find out everything you need to know about living in another EU country whether you're employed, a student, a pensioner, or a jobseeker. In particular, what are your rights in your host country? What administrative formalities will you need to complete?

Choose a situation

As an EU citizen, you have the right to move to any EU country to live, work, study, look for a job or retire.

You can stay in another EU country for up to 3 months without registering there but you may need to report your presence. The only requirement is to hold a valid national identity card or passport. If you want to stay longer than 3 months, you may need to register your residence.

In many EU countries, you need to carry an identity card or passport with you at all times. In these countries, you could be fined or temporarily detained if you leave your identity documents at home - but you cannot be forced to return to your home country for this reason alone.

Check if you have to carry an ID or passport at all times in your host country:

Choose country
  • Norwaynoen
  • Polandplenpl
  • Portugalptenpt
  • Romaniaroenro
  • Slovakia *sk
  • Slovenia *si
  • Spainesenes
  • Swedenseensv
  • United Kingdomgben

* Information not yet provided by national authorities

If you have lived legally in another EU country for a continuous period of 5 years, you automatically acquire the right of permanent residence there.

Check your rights depending on your situation:

I want to move to another EU country to:

work

study

retire

looking for a job

join my family

do something else

If you are a non-EU citizen and you want to move to the EU to work or study, you can find all practical information on EU immigration portal.

EU relatives

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