Updated : 06/07/2015
Work permits are never required for self-employed people in the EU.
However, some EU citizens still need a work permit to become an employee in certain EU countries.
This only concerns:
Liechtenstein imposes quotas that limit the number of people who can work and live there. This quota system applies to nationals of all EU countries, Norway and Iceland.
Your right to work as an employee in another EU country may be restricted by transitional arrangements until 30 June 2020.
You may need a work permit to work in these countries:
Your right to work as an employee in Croatia may be restricted by transitional arrangements. You may need a work permit if you are from one of these countries:
Most EU citizens don't need a permit to work in Switzerland. Restrictions only apply to nationals of Bulgaria, Croatia and Romania - who need a work permit. Find out more on .
Under the EU-Switzerland agreement on the free movement of persons, Swiss nationals are free to live and work in the EU, with some restrictions for working in Croatia.
Before you try working in a country that still imposes restrictions, you should seek information on the applicable procedures.
For further advice, contact the public employment service in the country where you wish to work
or a European employment adviser .
Marko from Croatia accepts a job offer in Vienna and immediately moves to Austria. But he is unable to get a work permit and has to return to Croatia.
If you come from Croatia, it is important to check whether you need a work permit before moving to a new country to take up a job. If so, bear in mind that your application for a work permit might be refused.
There are no restrictions on posted workers -with two exceptions: Germany and Austria apply temporary restrictions on Croatian workers posted by companies in certain sectors, but not on self-employed people.
Get in touch with specialised assistance services
or a national of Iceland, Liechtenstein or Norway
In this case, the 28 EU member states + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway