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Updated : 13/09/2016

living-abroad

Jobseekers - residence rights

As an EU national you have the right to go and look for work in another EU country.

If you have been working in another EU country and you lose your job, or if you are self-employed and work dries up, you can keep your right to live there under certain conditions.

Moved abroad and looking for a job

As an EU national you have the right to go and look for work in another EU country.

The first 6 months

Have your national identity card (ID) or passport readily available

If you are looking for work in another EU country for a period of less than 6 months, you will need a valid national identity card or passport.

In many EU countries, you need to carry an identity card or passport with you at all times.

In these countries, you could be fined or temporarily detained if you leave your identity documents at home - but you cannot be forced to return to your home country for this reason alone.

Check if you have to carry an ID or passport at all times in your host country:

Reporting your presence

As a jobseeker, you don't need to register as a resident for the first 6 months.

But some EU countries require you to report your presence to the relevant authorities within a reasonable period of time after arrival: often the town hall or local police station.

Find out more on reporting your presence .

Registering with the employment services

If you are being paid unemployment benefits from your home country, you will have to register with the employment service in your host country. You and your family will still be covered by the social security system in your home country – for instance for healthcare costs.

Even if you don't receive unemployment benefits from your home country, you may still be covered by its social security system: check with your home country's authorities.

As long as your home health insurance covers you during your stay abroad, administrative procedures may be simpler if you have a valid European Health Insurance Card (EHIC).

Sample story

Marta is Portuguese and moved to Spain four months ago to try to find a job there. At the moment, she is living at a friend's house. The Spanish police asked her to register her residence at the town hall, and to prove she had sufficient means to support herself while in Spain.

As a jobseeker, Marta is entitled to stay in Spain for at least 6 months without having to register her residence there. She only has to prove that she is a jobseeker who is actively looking for a job. The Spanish authorities cannot require her to demonstrate she can support herself financially.

Still looking for a job after 6 months

Assessment of your right to stay

If you have not found a job during the first 6 months of your stay, the national authorities can assess your right to extend your stay.

For this, they will want evidence that you:

  • are actively looking for a job and
  • have a good chance of finding one

Always keep copies of your job applications, responses from potential employers, invitations for interviews and so on.

You are not required to register with the employment services in your new country unless you are receiving unemployment benefit from your home country. But if you do register, it will help you to prove that you are actively looking for a job.

Request to leave, deportation

Your host country can ask you to leave if you cannot prove that you have a realistic chance of finding work there.

In exceptional cases, your host country can deport you on grounds of public policy, public security, or public health - but only if it can prove you pose a serious threat.

The deportation decision or request to leave must be given to you in writing. It must state all the reasons for your deportation, and specify how you can appeal and by when.

Equal treatment

As a jobseeker, you are entitled to be treated in the same way as nationals of your host country with regard to:

  • access to work
  • support from employment services to find a job

Your host country might wait until you have established a genuine link with the local job market before granting certain types of financial support to help you find work - such as low-interest loans for unemployed people to do training courses. Being in the country and looking for work for a reasonable amount of time may count as a genuine link.

However, during your stay as a jobseeker, you don't have a right to non-contributory welfare benefits.

 

Lost my job abroad and wish to stay there

If you have been working in another EU country and you lose your job, or if you are self-employed and work dries up, you can keep your right to live there under certain conditions.

How long you can stay will depend on how long you have been working in your new country and the type of contract you had before you lost your job.

If you are temporarily unable to work as a result of an illness or accident, you can stay for as long as this condition lasts and prevents you from working.

If you have worked for less than 1 year

If you had a permanent contract or a fixed-term contract for less than 1 year and you lost your job before the end of the 1-year period, you have the right to stay in your host country for at least another 6 months, provided you are looking for work.

The 6-month period will start from the moment your contract ended.

You must register with the public employment service as involuntarily unemployed and look for work.

Sample story

Sabrina is a German national who went to Greece to work in a small hotel. She had a 9-month contract but her employer decided to stop her contract after the first 4 months. After she registered as involuntarily unemployed with the Greek unemployment services, she was allowed to stay for another 6 months while she was looking for a new job.

If you worked for more than 1 year

If you lose your job after having worked in your host country for more than 1 year, you have the right to continue to live there, provided you are registered as a jobseeker and continue to meet the conditions required to be considered as a jobseeker.

To keep the right to stay in your host country when you lose your job or are not professionally active (self-employed), you must register as a job seeker with the employment service in your host country.

You can stay as long as you are registered as a jobseeker with the public employment service and continue to meet the conditions required to be considered as a jobseeker.

If you follow vocational training

If you become  involuntarily unemployed and begin vocational training, you have the right to stay in your new country for the entire duration of your training.

If you have become unemployed voluntarily, you have the right to stay in your host country for the whole duration of your training but only if that training is related to your previous employment.

If it is not, you can stay in your new country under the same conditions as students.

See rights and conditions for students.

To keep the right to stay in your new country for the whole duration of your vocational training, you must register as a jobseeker with the authorities in your host country. This also applies if you are voluntarily unemployed.

Equal treatment

During the time you're allowed to stay in your host country after losing your job, you should continue to enjoy the same rights as nationals of that country: welfare benefits, access to employment, pay, benefits to facilitate access to work, etc.

Deportation

In exceptional cases, your host country can deport you on grounds of public policy, public security, or public health - but only if it can prove you pose a serious threat.

The deportation decision must be given to you in writing. It must state all the reasons for your deportation, and specify how you can appeal and by when.

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In this case, the 28 EU member states + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway

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In this case, the 28 EU member states + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway

Retour au texte en cours.

In this case, the 28 EU member states + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway

Retour au texte en cours.

In this case, the 28 EU member states + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway

Retour au texte en cours.

In this case, the 28 EU member states + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway

Retour au texte en cours.