European elections – Germany
Affected by Brexit?
Non-German EU citizens may vote either in their country of origin (also by postal vote or by ballot-box at consular missions, depending on the national electoral law applicable) or in Germany. You need to register to vote in European Parliament elections when voting in Germany for the first time. The request should be made as early as possible; the request for registration must be submitted to the German municipality of residence no later than 21 days before the elections.
You will then be put on the electoral roll for future European Parliament elections. This applies until you move to another country or ask to be de-registered.
To vote or stand as a candidate in European Parliament elections you must:
- be an EU citizen
- have your residential address in Germany
- be at least 18 years old on election day
- have been permanently resident in Germany or other EU Member States of the EU for at least three months (the period of three months is calculated on the basis of consecutive residence in the said areas; no account will be taken of residence in the United Kingdom as from the date on which the Treaties will, pursuant to Article 50(3) TEU, cease to apply there).
- not be disqualified from voting or from standing as a candidate (to be elected)
Foreign EU citizens should contact their German municipality of residence to inform the authorities where they will vote in European Parliament elections.
Voting in European Parliament elections is not compulsory.
Foreign EU citizens standing as candidates in European Parliament elections must declare that they are not standing in any other country, and that they are not disqualified from standing.
The German Members of the European Parliament are elected on the basis of list nominations. List nominations must be submitted by political parties or other political associations to the Federal Returning Officer [Bundeswahlleiter] (electoral administration). Together with the list nominations, several documents must be submitted, including a form containing the above declarations for foreign EU citizens standing as candidates. The form can be obtained from the Land Returning Officers [Landeswahlleiter] and from the Federal Returning Officer.