Car registration in another EU country – Spain
Affected by Brexit?
As an EU national moving to Spain, you must register your car if you are the owner of the vehicle.
As an EU national moving to Spain, you can use your vehicle here while it is still registered in your previous home country.
If you use your vehicle in Spain, you are obliged to register it from the moment you become a resident (within 6 months).
However, the national tax regulations do not oblige this registration if:
- the corresponding declarations to the IEDMT (registration tax) are submitted and,
- the corresponding amounts are paid.
If you stay in an EU country for less than six months and you maintain your usual residence in your country, there is no obligation to register the vehicle or pay taxes in the country where you are staying; your vehicle will still be registered in your country of residence.
The regulations governing the registration tax (IEDMT) do not establish specific provisions regarding students in relation to compliance with the obligations of registration and / or self-assessment / declaration of vehicles in Spanish territory.
However, to the extent that these people are not considered residents of Spain or holders of establishments located in Spain, they will not be affected by the aforementioned obligations.
Pensioners, second homeowners, cross-border commuters, self-employed cross-border commuters (company cars)
As an EU nationals with a second home in Spain (that you use for no more than 6 months a year), you do not need to register your vehicles here.
Time allowed for re-registering a vehicle
If you change your country of residence to Spain you have 6 months to re-register a vehicle previously registered in another EU country.
Temporary registration plates
If you buy a car abroad, transit registration plates issued in another EU country will be recognised in Spain for the purposes of driving your car back to your place of residence.
As an EU national, if you want to register and use your car in Spain, you must pay the following taxes:
This is a special tax on certain means of transport (IEDMT) that amounts to € 95.8.
They are managed by the AEAT (Spanish Tax Agency).
The regulations governing this tax provide for taxation of the same for months or fractions of months in the following two cases:
- vehicles already registered in another EU country that are made available to physical persons established in Spain by persons or entities established in another EU country.
- vehicles already registered in another EU country that are rented to persons or entities established in Spain by suppliers established in another EU country.
If you have registered your vehicle in Spain and, therefore, your vehicle has been included in the General Registry of Traffic Vehicles, you must pay the Tax on Vehicles of Mechanical Traction to the Town Hall corresponding to the address that appears in the vehicle registration certificate.
Consult the applicable national legislation to the Tax on Vehicles of Mechanical Traction: es
Not all categories of vehicles are subject to registration or road tax.
- Registration tax
You can benefit from the exemption of this tax if the registration or use of your vehicle in Spain occurs as a result of a transfer of residence to Spanish territory (es).
In cases of transfer of residence, the request for exemption from this tax must be made within 60 days from the start of the use of the vehicle in Spain (articles 65.1.d) and 66.1.n) of Law 38 / 1992).
The exemptions of the registration tax are included in the es.
- Road tax
The exemptions of the registration tax are included in the applicable national legislation: art. 93 of the Royal Legislative Decree 2/2004, of March 5, which approves the revised text of the Law Regulating the Local Treasuries.
Until you register the vehicle, it will not appear in the Traffic Vehicles Registry and, therefore, the competent City Council cannot liquidate the Tax on Mechanical Traction Vehicles.
If you do not register your vehicle in Spain, it is not subject to any of these taxes.