Navigation path

Updated 17/11/2017

Small Claims

European Small Claims Procedure

What is it for?

You can use the European Small Claims Procedure to make a claim against:

  • another business
  • an organisation
  • a customer

The procedure covers claims up to EUR 5 000 (excluding expenses) in any EU country except for Denmark.

The European Small Claims Procedure is an alternative to national procedures. A judgment for this procedure is recognised and enforceable in another EU country  and cannot be opposed (unless there are inconsistences with an existing judgment in the other EU country between the same parties).

Advantages:

  • you don't need to hire a lawyer to start a Small Claims Procedure
  • the claim should be solved more quickly
  • the procedure is simpler, especially for cross-border claims

How much does it cost?

You will usually have to pay a court fee which will be reimbursed if your case is successful.

In cross-border cases, you may also have to pay for forms to be translated. This cost will be reimbursed if your case is successful.

How does the claim procedure work?

You can make a claim using the small claims forms.

  1. Fill out Form A and send it to the court that has the jurisdiction over the claim. This could be in the country where your business is established or in the other EU country concerned.
  2. Once the court receives the application form it must fill in its part of the answer form.
  3. The court may ask you to fill in form B if they think you need to add more information.
  4. Within 14 days of receiving the application form, the court must serve a copy of it — along with the answer form — to the defendant.
  5. The defendant has to fill out their part of the answer form within 30 days.
  6. The court must send you a copy of any reply within 14 days.
  7. The court has 30 days after receiving the defendant's answer (if any) to:
  • give a judgment on the small claim
  • request further details in writing from either party (you or the defendant)
  • summon the parties to an oral hearing (for oral hearings no lawyer has to be present)

Outcome of the claim and enforcement

The enforcement authorities will enact the decision following national rules.

A court can only refuse to enforce the judgement if it's incompatible with a previous judgement between your company and the defendant on the same issue.

The judgment will be valid for all EU countries, except Denmark.

Learn more about the European Small Claims Procedure

You can read more about how to make a claim in the comprehensive user guide.

Contact a local business support partner

Do you have questions on operating a business cross-border, for example exporting or expanding to another EU country? If so, the Enterprise Europe Network can give you free advice.

Local business support

Help & advice

Get in touch with specialised assistance services

Help & advice

Contact a local business support partner

Do you have questions on operating a business cross-border, for example exporting or expanding to another EU country? If so, the Enterprise Europe Network can give you free advice. To assist the advisor in your local area to respond in a timely and correct manner, please provide as much information as possible.

EEN-logo

Contact form

(All fields are mandatory)
Thank you, your message has been sent successfully.
Due to technical problems, your message could not been sent. Please try again later.
Please provide a valid e-mail address.

Personal details

Company details

YesNo

Austria

Wien

Belgium

Brussel

Bruxelles

Namur

Bulgaria

Sofia

Croatia

Zagreb

Cyprus

Nicosia

Czech Republic

Praha

Denmark

Copenhagen

Estonia

Tallinn

Finland

Helsinki

France

Blagnac Cedex

Caen

Dijon

Guadeloupe, Martinique

Lille

Lyon

Paca

Paris, Ile-de-France, Centre, Nouvelle-Calédonie, Polynésie

Rennes

Saint-Denis

Germany

Berlin

Bremen

Erfurt

Hannover

Kiel

Leipzig

Magdeburg

Mainz

Mülheim an der Ruhr

München

Rostock

Stuttgart

Wiesbaden

Greece

Athens

Hungary

Budapest

Iceland

Reykjavík

Ireland

Dublin

Italy

Firenze (Toscana, Umbria, Marche)

Milano (Lombardia, Emilia Romagna)

Napoli (Abruzzo, Calabria, Campania, Basilicata, Molise, Puglia, Sicilia)

Roma (Lazio, Sardegna)

Torino (Piemonte, Liguria, Valle d’Aosta)

Venezia (Veneto, Trentino Alto Adige, Friuli Venezia Giulia)

Latvia

Riga

Lithuania

Vilnius

Luxembourg

Luxembourg

Malta

Pieta`

Netherlands

Den Haag

Norway

Oslo

Poland

Kielce

Lublin

Warsaw

Wroclaw

Portugal

Lisboa

Romania

Baciu Cluj

Bucuresti

Constanta

Timișoara

Slovakia

Bratislava

Slovenia

Ljubljana

Spain

Barcelona

Madrid

Oviedo

Palma

Santa Cruz de Tenerife

Sevilla

Valencia

Vitoria- Gazteiz

Zaragoza

Sweden

Stockholm

United Kingdom

Belfast (Northern Ireland)

Cardiff (Wales)

Edinburgh (Scotland)

London (England)

3000/3000

This information entered on this form is sent directly to a partner from the Enterprise Europe Network. Personal data entered on the form will only be used to assist the advisor to respond to your enquiry; the data will not be stored thereafter.

Help & advice

European Small Claims Procedure

Settle disputes with suppliers or clients from another EU country, for claims up to EUR 2 000.