Last checked: 30/01/2019

Eco-design requirements

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There are certain products that must comply with minimum requirements related to energy efficiency. These are called eco-design requirements and the aim is to reduce the negative environmental impact throughout the product's lifecycle.

Before you place this type of product on the EU market you must ensure that they comply with these rules.

The product types currently covered by these rules are those that use energy (boilers, computers, household appliances etc.). You can see the full list below:

Products that must meet eco-design requirements

Domestic and service industry lighting products

  • Directional and non-directional lamps (including ultraviolet radiation)
  • Fluorescent lamps (without integrated ballast)
  • High intensity discharge lamps
  • Ballasts and luminaires able to operate such lamps

Electrical devices

  • Computers and servers
  • Game consoles
  • Simple/complex set-top boxes
  • Standby for networked equipment
  • Televisions

Household appliances

  • Cookers
  • Dishwashers
  • Freezers
  • Refrigerators
  • Tumble dryers
  • Washing machines
  • Vacuum cleaners

Heating and cooling devices

  • Air conditioners
  • Heaters
  • Comfort fans
  • Heaters
  • Industrial fans
  • Local space heaters
  • Solid fuel local space heaters
  • Solid fuel boilers
  • Ventilation units
  • Water heaters

Other products

  • Circulators
  • Electric motors
  • Electric power consumption standby and off mode
  • External power supplies
  • Imagining equipment
  • Power transformers
  • Professional refrigeration
  • Water pumps

If you want to read about product-specific Eco-design Regulations you can see the links in the references section at the bottom of the page.

Types of Requirements

There are two types of requirements foreseen in the Eco-design Directive.

Specific requirements

Specific requirements are when exact values are measured and a limit is given. For example, maximum energy consumption, or minimum quantities of recycled material to be used in production.

Generic requirements

Generic requirements do not set limit values, but may require that:

The introduction of new minimum requirements can result in a ban of all non-compliant products from being sold in EU countries. An example of this is incandescent lamps, which were gradually phased out from 2009.

Harmonised Standards

Harmonised standards are rules that have been adopted by the European standardisation bodies (CENELEC and CEN).

The use of harmonised standards helps provide presumption of conformity. This means that the products are presumed to comply with the requirements covered by implementing measures, when tested using a harmonised standard.

Additional harmonised EU standards are gradually being produced to support the eco-design measures adopted so far.

National contact points

You can contact the national contact points, in charge of the implementation of the Eco-design Directive at national level, for further information.

Related topics

EU legislation

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