Intellectual property rights
Industrial property rights
The following areas are covered by national legislation on industrial property:
- invention patents (valid for 20 years);
- trademarks and geographical indicators;
- designs and models;
- topographies of semiconductor products;
- supplementary protection certificates (for medicines and plant protection products);
- utility models;
- new plant varieties.
The protection of industrial property rights is mainly governed by the following pieces of legislation:
In Romania, copyrights are subject to the regulations stipulated in the Law on copyrights and related rights.
Intellectual property protection bodies
In Romania, intellectual property rights are protected mainly by two specialist institutions: the Oficiul de Stat pentru Invenții și Mărci, OSIM (State Office for Inventions and Trademarks) and the Oficiul Român pentru Drepturile de Autor, ORDA (Romanian Copyright Office).
OSIM protects intellectual property rights in the area of industrial property, in accordance with national legislation and national treaties and conventions.
Its responsibilities include:
- registering and examining applications in the area of industrial property;
- issuing protection certificates which grant their holders exclusive rights in Romania;
- certifying and authorising patent attorneys.
ORDA protects intellectual property rights in the area of copyrights and related rights.
Commercial disputes relating to intellectual property can be resolved amiably at the Centrul de Mediere a Diferendelor Comerciale (Centre for Mediation of Commercial Disputes) within the Camera de Comerţ şi Industrie a României (Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Romania).
International protection of intellectual property rights
Romania has signed many multilateral agreements and treaties relating to the protection of intellectual property rights.
Romania is a founding member of the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) and permanently cooperates with it on the basis of the Programme for cooperation between the Government of Romania and the WIPO.
Combating counterfeiting and piracy
To optimise the process of combating counterfeiting and piracy, cooperation protocols have been concluded between various national institutions. Therefore, OSIM and ORDA cooperate with the Autoritatea Națională a Vămilor (National Customs Authority) in order to combat counterfeiting and piracy in the area of intellectual property rights.
Property rights encourage investment in innovation and research.
The administrative registration procedures that guarantee protection of intellectual property are detailed on OSIM's website:
In addition to OSIM, there are a number of other organisations, mostly private, working to ensure that intellectual property rights are respected.
The Grupul de Lucru pe Probleme de Proprietate Intelectuală (Working Group on Intellectual Property Issues) is a public-private partnership between state institutions and private organisations which all share the common objective of combating piracy and counterfeiting.
The Camera Naţională a Consilierilor ìn Proprietate Industrială din România, CNCPIR (Romanian National Chamber of Industrial Property Attorneys) is a professional, non-governmental organisation whose mission is to regulate the activity of patent attorneys.