The intellectual property rights law is the main legal text regulating intellectual property rights issues. It covers:
- Economic rights - the commercial exploitation of the work.
- Moral rights - the reputation and personal value of a work to its creator (e.g. preventing your work from being altered without your permission).
Works should have the necessary degree of originality to be entitled to intellectual rights protection. Originality is determined according to a criterion of statistical uniqueness, i.e. the work must be distinguished by an objectively addressable limit of creativity in order to distance itself from other products.
Intellectual property rights
Industrial property rights
A patent is an exclusive right granted to an investor or his assignee for a product, a method, or an industrial application. It applies to new and improved products, processes and uses, intended for industrial application.
Patents are valid for 20 years and can be renewed by paying a fee to the Industrial Property Organisation.
As regards control and certification of Products with a Designated Origin and Products with a Geographical Indication, this has been assigned to the Organisation for Certification and Inspection of Agricultural Products, which keeps a record of the information and the holder's office, the type and name of the agricultural or alimentary product, the PDO or PGI category, and the relevant dates.
In Greece, the relevant law is as follows:
The Competition Commission is responsible for commercial strategies:
Intellectual protection bodies
The Hellenic Industrial Property Organisation is responsible for the registration of inventions and industrial designs and models. It receives applications for:
- European patents for the protection of inventions in any of the 31 member states of the Munich Convention;
- international PCTsubmissions (Patent Cooperation Treaty), for patents valid in any of the 128 member states;
- electronic PCT submissions;
- protection of industrial designs at international level (Hague Convention)
Protecting intellectual rights abroad
Useful instructions on the subject are provided in the document below:
Combating counterfeiting and piracy
Two relevant laws exist at the national level. Provisions envisaging the imposition of administrative penalties to traffickers of counterfeit and pirated goods have also been added to the Customs Code.
Property rights encourage investment in innovation and research.
To obtain a patent you have to:
- submit an application to the Industrial Property Organisation. Then on, a 4-month deadline applies for any corrections or additions.
- include a research report on the new product;
- add the applicant's observations to the research report (for which there is a deadline of 3 months);
- submit a final research report on the product to the Hellenic Industrial Property Organisation.
The Hellenic Industrial Property Organisation has set up One Stop Shops, at the disposal of anyone interested in submitting an application for a patent or industrial design or any other title protecting intellectual property, as well as to obtain information on technological information issues.
Relevant information is also provided by the Enterprise Europe Network - Hellas, through its specialist partners:
The "Integrated Plan of Action for the Protection of Intellectual Property Rights in Greece ", concluded by the Inter-ministerial Coordination Committee on Intellectual Property issues, provides important information on the current situation in Greece, as well as on planned action at the national level.