The Trademarks Act, chapter 268 (as amended), includes along with the 1951 Trade Marks regulations the basic provisions for the registration of trademarks in Cyprus. Trademarks are protected through recording in a register kept by the Registrar of Companies and Official Receiver.
In Cyprus there is also a process for the registration of international trademarks under the Madrid Agreement and Protocol concerning international registration of trademarks. Cyprus is also a member of the Paris Convention for the protection of Industrial Property.
Property rights encourage investment in innovation and research.
The process is conducted with an application and payment of the required fees.
The Registrar may approve or reject the application. If he rejects it, the applicant has the right to objection, either in writing or with a hearing before the Registrar. The Registrar then decides to either accept or reject the trade mark. In case the trademark is rejected, the applicant may appeal to the Supreme Court within 75 days from the date the Registrar's decision was made public. Where the Registrar issues a positive decision, the trademark is published in the Official Gazette of the Republic.
Third parties are entitled to submit objections to the Registrar within two months from said publication. Should the third party's objection be rejected, the trademark remains and the third party may appeal to the Supreme Court within 75 days. Should the objection be successful, the trademark is not brought for registration to the register and the entire registration process ends. In this case, the applicant may appeal to the Supreme Court within the set time limit from the date the Registrar's decision was made public.
Applications for patents are submitted to the office of the Registrar of Companies and Official Receiver.
An International Searching Authority conducts technical research for the patent which is submitted to the Department of the Registrar within 16 months of the date of filing the application or the priority date, provided the application states the elements of the state of the art which can determine whether the subject of the application is patentable. The Registrar proceeds, in accordance with the report, with the registration of the patent. Application for revocation of a patent is made to the Supreme Court. Otherwise, the patent remains at the register of the Registrar for up to 20 years, provided that the annual renewal fees are paid.
Applications for European patents as well as applications to be granted an international patent may be made to the Intellectual and Industrial Property Office of the Department of the Registrar of Companies and Official Receiver.
In addition, if the European Patent Office grants a European Patent which specifies Cyprus as the country for which it was filed, the claimant may obtain protection in Cyprus by submitting a translation of the Patent within 3 months of it being granted.