As an EU national moving to Spain, you must register your car if you are the owner of the vehicle.
Exemptions from the obligation to register a vehicle
As an EU national moving to Spain, you can use your vehicle here while it is still registered in your previous home country. You will have to register your vehicle in Spain once you become a resident or if you own a business.
If you are a student in Spain from another EU country you:
- do not have to register your own car with the authorities here for your period of study. This also applies if the car is owned by your parents, who are not resident in Spain
- do not have to pay registration and/or road taxes on it in Spain
- do not have to buy additional car insurance for your period of study here
To qualify for exemption from the requirement to register vehicles, you don't have to get a certificate of enrolment at the university (or other school/college).
If, as a student, you are also working in Spain you don't have to register the vehicle and pay related taxes if:
- if you stay for less than 6 months and
- your normal place of residence remains unchanged (you do not change your legal residence)
Pensioners, second home owners, cross-border commuters, self-employed cross-border commuters (company cars)
As an EU nationals with a second home in Spain (that you use for no more than 6 months a year), you do not need to register your vehicles here.
Time allowed for re-registering a vehicle
If you change your country of residence to Spain you have 6 months to re-register a vehicle previously registered in another EU country.
To re-register a vehicle previously registered in another EU country, go to the Jefatura Provincial de Tráfico in the town where you are resident.
Temporary registration plates
If you buy a car abroad, transit registration plates issued in another EU country will be recognised in Spain for the purposes of driving your car back to your place of residence.
You can get the transit plates at the Jefatura Provincial de Tráfico (Dirección General de Tráfico).
As an EU national, if you want to register and use your car in Spain, you must pay the following taxes:
- registration taxes - depending on the vehicle's CO2 emissions
The tax rates are calculated as follows:
- CO2 emissions < or equal to 120 g/Km:0%
- CO2 emissions > 120g/Km and <160 g/Km:4,75%
- CO2 emissions > or equal to 160g/Km and < 200 g/Km :9,75%
- CO2 emissions > or equal to 200 g/Km, or vehicles whose emission levels cannot be verified:14,75%
- CO2 emissions < or equal to 100g/Km:0%
- CO2 emissions > 100g/Km and < 120 g/Km:4,75%
- CO2 emissions > or equal to 120 g/Km and < 140 g/Km: -9,75%
- CO2 emissions > or equal to 140 g/Km, motorbikes whose emmission levels cannot be verified and motorbikes with a horsepower > than 74 KW (regardless of their CO2 emission level): 14,75%
Registration taxes can vary depending on the autonomous community where you register your vehicle.
In Ceuta and Melilla, you do not have to pay registration taxes.
- road tax: see applicable rates in Article 95 of the Real Decreto Legislativo 2/2004
- other taxes: none
Not all categories of vehicles are subject to registration or road tax.
The following categories of vehicle are exempt from registration taxes:
- vehicles legally registered as taxis and vehicles used for tourism purposes
- vehicles owned by driving schools for teaching purposes
- vehicles for car rental services
- vehicles registered by disabled people for their own use – under certain conditions
- vehicles with diplomatic plates – under regulated conditions
- vehicles registered in another EU country lent to a person who lives in Spain – under certain conditions
For the categories of vehicles exempt from road tax see Article 93 of the Real Decreto Legislativo 2/2004
If you do not register your vehicle in Spain, it is not subject to any of these taxes.