Outside the EU
There is no need to obtain a general permit to start importing or exporting goods in and out of the EU. However, special regulations may apply to certain goods (foodstuffs, medicines, plants, animals and weapons) or for the transport of goods within the EU prior to export or after import.
All goods entering or leaving the European Union must be notified in advance to the customs authority.
In Sweden the Swedish Customs and Excise (Tullverket) that determines and imposes customs duties, taxes and charges in connection with import and export.
When exporting goods you must understand the documentation requirements made by the Swedish Customs and Excise (Tullverket), as well as knowing if there are any specific requirements in the receiving country.
Export licences and export permits
An export permit is required when exporting artefacts, endangered animal species and plants, hunting weapons (and other dangerous objects), consumed cooling agents (such as fridges containing substances harmful to the ozone layer), as well as radioactive waste.
Various different authorities issue permits for these categories of goods. If, for example, one exports agricultural products, one needs an export licence from the Swedish Board of Agriculture (Jordbruksverket).
Export to countries with free trade agreements
The EU has entered into a number of free trade agreements with countries across world, and to be able to export to these countries and have customs exemption or customs reductions, one requires a certificate of origin.
Different types of certificate are required depending on the relevant trade agreement.
If you have to temporarily export goods (for an exhibition or conference), you should fill out a proof of export (documentary evidence) form to avoid paying customs duties or other taxes when re-importing. You should also declare that they have not increased in value while abroad.
As an alternative to filling in export documentation, one can purchase an ATA carnet from the Chamber of Commerce. This accompanies the goods throughout their entire journey and acts as documentation for temporary export.
When goods are to be exported, an export declaration must first be submitted. This can be submitted electronically or on a form, either personally or via a representative.
When exporting goods to or from the EU, the correct goods code must be determined. The item in question should be classified in accordance with the EU's customs tariff TARIC.. Further information can be obtained on the website of the the Swedish Customs and Excise (Tullverket).
An importer must apply for an import licence for:
- iron, steel, textiles and ready-made clothing and shoes
Before a good can be used or sold, it must be cleared through customs. You must present an import declaration and pay the customs duties, VAT and any other taxes.
Every type of good being imported has a specific code within the common classification system Taric. The classification is used to determine the charges to be paid.
You can use to form Single administrative document (Enhetsdokument) (SAD) to submit your import declaration either in person, via a representative or electronically.
General information on importing and exporting is available here: Swedish Trade & Invest Council (Business Sweden), Swedish National Board of Trade and through the Swedish Customs and Excise (Tullverket) Customs Guide.