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Workers and pensioners

Updated : 23/06/2014

living-abroad

EU family members

My other relatives / non-registered partner
My other relatives / non-registered partner

Staying abroad for up to 3 months

As EU nationals, your partner and relatives have the right to stay with you in another EU country or up to 3 months under the same conditions that apply to you.

Check conditions and formalities for:

Staying abroad for more than 3 months

Your partner or relatives may live in your new EU country under the same conditions that apply to EU nationals.

Check conditions and formalities for:

If they do not meet these conditions (for example, you work and your partner stays at home with your baby), they may still stay with you in your new country as your family members:

  • Relatives other than your husband or wife, (grand)children or (grand)parents may stay if they are:
    • seriously ill and need you to take care of them personally,

      or
  • Partners may stay if they are in a long-term relationship with you.

The authorities in your new country will take a decision on a case-by-case basis, taking into account your personal circumstances and their own national conditions.

EU law guarantees for your partner or dependent relatives that they:

  • have their application to live with you in your new country assessed by the authorities of that country
  • receive a written decision as soon as possible
  • can appeal if their application is rejected. Rejections must state the grounds and the implications for your partner or relatives, and specify how they can appeal and by when.

Workers

If you are working in another country - as an employee, self-employed or on a posting, the authorities will certainly take this into account when deciding whether your partners/relatives can stay.

Pensioners

If you are a pensioner, you will have to prove that you have (for your partner or relatives):

  • sufficient income to live without income support
  • comprehensive health insurance in your new country.

National authorities may not require the income to be above the level that would make your family qualify for basic income support in that country.

Registration

Your relatives or partner should apply for a registration certificate with the authorities (often the town hall or local police station) within 3 months of arriving.

Find out how to get a registration certificate for your family members living with you.

Equal treatment

During their stay in your new country, your relatives/partner should be treated as nationals of the country, notably as regards access to employment, pay, benefits facilitating access to work, enrolment in schools etc.

Request to leave / Expulsion

Your relatives or partner may live in your country with you as long as they continue to meet the conditions for residence. If they no longer do so, the national authorities may require them to leave.

In exceptional cases, your new country can decide to expel them on grounds of public policy or public security, but only if it can prove they represent a very serious threat.

The expulsion decision or the request to leave must be given to them in writing. It must state all the grounds and specify how they can appeal and by when.

Permanent residence

As EU nationals, your relatives and partner can acquire the automatic right of permanent residence if they have lived legally in the other country for 5 years continuously, under the same conditions that apply to you.

Find out more on applicable conditions for:

If your relatives or partner had been authorised to stay with you as family members, they will also acquire the automatic right of permanent residence after having continuously lived in the other country for 5 years.

Acquiring permanent residence means that they will enjoy the same rights, benefits and advantages as nationals –o o o they can stay as long as they want, even if they don't work and need income support.

They can lose their right to permanent residence if they live outside the country for over 2 consecutive years.

Find out how to have a permanent residence document issued to certify their right to stay unconditionally.

 

Death

If you were working or self-employed in another EU country and died before acquiring permanent residence there, your relatives/partner who were also living with you as family members may receive special treatment. This may include permission to stay permanently if:

  • your death resulted from an accident at work or occupational disease

    or
  • at the time of your death, you had lived continuously in that country for at least 2 years.
My registered partner
My registered partner

As an EU national, your registered partner may live in your new EU country under the same conditions that apply to EU nationals.

If your partner is working, receives a pension or is studying, you should check conditions and formalities here:

If your partner does not meet these conditions (for example, you work but your partner stays at home), he or she may still stay with you in your new country as your family member.

Some EU countries treat registered partnerships in the same way as they treat married couples. In this case, you should check the applicable residence rights and conditions for spouses.

Other EU countries do not recognise registered partnerships as equivalent to marriage. In this case, check the applicable residence rights and conditions for other relatives.

Find out about recognition of registered partnerships in Europe.

My spouse / children / parents
My spouse / children / parents

Staying abroad for up to 3 months

As EU nationals your husband or wife, (grand) children or (grand) parents may stay in another EU country with you under the same conditions that apply to you.

Check conditions and formalities for:

Staying abroad for more than 3 months

Your spouse, (grand) children or (grand) parents, as EU nationals, may live in your new EU country under the same conditions that apply to EU nationals.

Check conditions and formalities for:

If your spouse, (grand) children or (grand) parents do not meet these conditions (for example, you work and your spouse stays at home with your baby), they may still stay with you in your new country as your family members as follows:

Workers

If you are working in another country - as an employee, self-employed or on a posting, your spouse, dependent (grand)children or (grand)parents can stay there with you without having to meet any other conditions.

Pensioners

If you are a pensioner living in another country, your spouse, dependent (grand)children or (grand)parents can also live there if you have (for you and your whole family):

  • sufficient income to live without needing income support
  • comprehensive health insurance in that country.

National authorities may not require your income to be above the level that would qualify your family for basic income support in that country.

Registration

Find out how to get a registration certificate for your family members living with you.

Equal treatment

During their stay in your new country, your spouse, (grand)children and (grand)parents should be treated as nationals of the country, notably as regards access to employment, pay, benefits facilitating access to work, enrolment in schools, etc.

Request to leave / Expulsion

Your spouse, (grand)children or (grand)parents may live in the country with you as long as they continue to meet the conditions for residence. If they no longer do so, the national authorities may require them to leave.

In exceptional cases, your new country can decide to expel them on grounds of public policy or public security, but only if it can prove they represent a very serious threat.

The expulsion decision or request to leave must be given to them in writing. It must state all the grounds and specify how they can appeal and by when.

Permanent residence

As EU nationals, your spouse, (grand)children and (grand)parents can acquire the automatic right of permanent residence if they have lived legally in the other country for 5 years continuously, under the same conditions that apply to you.

This means that they can stay there as long as they want - even if they don't work or need income support. They should enjoy the same rights, benefits and advantages as nationals.

Find out how to have a permanent residence document issued to certify their right to stay unconditionally.

Death

If you were working or self-employed in another EU country and died before acquiring permanent residence there, your spouse/(grand)children/(grand)parents who were also living with you as family members may receive special treatment. This may include permission to stay permanently if:

  • your death resulted from an accident at work or occupational disease

or

  • at the time of your death, you had lived continuously in that country for at least 2 years.
Still need help?

Still need help?

Haven't found the information you need? Do you have a problem to solve?

Get advice on your EU rights

Solve problems with a public body

Footnote

or a national of Iceland, Liechtenstein or Norway

Retour au texte en cours.

other than your spouse, (grand)children and (grand)parents

Retour au texte en cours.

In this case, the 27 EU member states + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway

Retour au texte en cours.

other than your spouse, (grand)children and (grand)parents

Retour au texte en cours.

In this case, the 27 EU member states + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway

Retour au texte en cours.

or a national of Iceland, Liechtenstein or Norway

Retour au texte en cours.

or a national of Iceland, Liechtenstein or Norway

Retour au texte en cours.

or a national of Iceland, Liechtenstein or Norway

Retour au texte en cours.

In this case, the 27 EU member states + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway

Retour au texte en cours.

or a national of Iceland, Liechtenstein or Norway

Retour au texte en cours.

In this case, the 27 EU member states + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway

Retour au texte en cours.

or a national of Iceland, Liechtenstein or Norway

Retour au texte en cours.

In this case, the 27 EU member states + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway

Retour au texte en cours.