Environmental rules - Bulgaria
Bulgarian environmental legislation includes:
The Ministry of the Environment and Waters, The Executive Environmental Agency, the Regional Inspectorates of the Environment and Waters, the Basin Directorates, the National Parks Directorate and local government agencies are responsible for implementing environmental legislation.
The Environmental Protection Act (ZZOS) lays down the procedure for conducting environmental impact assessments (EIAs) for proposed investments.
EIAs are required before the construction of nuclear or thermal powers stations, and any manufacturing facilities, slaughterhouses, large farms, roads and motorways, hotels, resorts, sports facilities, etc.
The Waste Management Act (ZUO) lays down the general requirements for protecting the environment and human health activity with waste.
Monitoring the environment is the responsibility of the Ministry of the Environment and Waters.
This legislation has been fully harmonised with EU law.
The Waters Act (ZV) regulates the fundamental principles in the field of water management, ownership of waters and hydrological facilities, the competent water management authorities at national and local level and monitors these.
The protection of mineral resources and the rational use of mineral resources is the obligation of anyone involved in their exploration and use.
The Soils Act (ZP) deals with the protection, sustainable use and remediation of soil after any kind of soil use.
Bulgaria is part of the NATURA 2000 international network
Climate and air
If sources of pollution do not remain within the restrictions for hazardous materials, they are subject to various sanctions.
With the implementation of the carbon trading scheme emissions of CO2, greenhouse gas emissions from various opeators have been limited.
Businesses are free to go beyond the minimum environmental legal requirements at their own initiative.
Control in the implementation of environmental protection law is the responsibility of the Ministry of the Environment and Waters.
Control is exercised in accordance with manuals and guidelines.
EIAs are conducted in several stages, including:
- notification of the relevant environmental authority and the local population affected;
- drafting a report;
- public consultations;
- issuing an EIA decision;
- ensuring that the conditions of the EIA decision are fulfilled.
In the sphere of waste management the following declaration procedures are required:
- Notification of the building permit
- Declaration of persons operating with waste
- Register of waste operators' permits issued
System of permits to prevent major incidencts with dangerous substances and to limit the consequences thereof.
According to the Waters Act (ZV), owners of wells have to declare them to the relevant basin directorate for water management. The directorates keep registers of the wells in their territory.
Permits for exploring and/or studying and concessions to mine minerals are issued by tender; or by auction; or by the right of the sole applicant.
Climate and air
Operators of new and existing installations have to submit to the Environmental Executive Agency an application for an emissions and greenhouse gases permit.
Comprehensive permits - Applications for permits must conform with the scope and contents requirements set out in the methodology.
Notification of export of dangerous chemicals
Water usage permits or a permit to use a water facility are required to use water and/or operate a water facility.
Mineral water is extracted by means of a concession
Surveying and exploring mineral resources requires a permit, while mining requires a concession.
Approving activities in protected territories
Climate and air
The Minister of the Environment and Waters issues permits for protecting air cleanliness.
Industrial sources of environmental noise do not require special permits. Conditions on noise pollution are only set out in comprehensive permits for industrial installations and plant.
As regards control procedures for protecting the environment, various inspections - preliminary, ongoing and follow-up - are carried out.
Control with regard to chemicals is exercised by the regional environment and water inspectorates, the regional public health inspectorates and the Central Labour Inspectorate Executive Agency.
The control authorities in the field of water management are the Ministry of the Environment and Waters and the basin directorates.
They check that water usage permits are complied with and the water facility usage conditions are being met, and ensure that there is no unauthorised water usage and/or use of water facilities.
State control to protect mineral resources and their rational use is carried out by the Minister of the Environment and Waters, or by the Minister of Culture where cultural heritage is concerned.
Inspections are conducted by the Regional Environment and Water Inspectorates to ensure that the prohibitions in the Soils Act and the requirements of the Liability for Preventing and Remedying Environmental Damage Act (ZOPOESht) and the Environment Protection Act (ZOOS) are being observed.
Climate and air
Checks are carried out by the Regional Environment and Water Inspectorates.
Noise protection is regulated by orders.
The Energy Efficiency Agency drafts programmes and projects to improve energy efficiency and for the use of renewable energy sources, and guarantees funding for various projects and programmes.
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