Migrant Offshore Aid Station Foundation (MOAS)
description of organisation
Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) is an NGO based in Malta which has the final goal of reducing deaths at sea. MOAS was founded after 366 migrants drowned near the Italian island of Lampedusa in October 2013. MOAS' staff includes Search and Rescue (SAR) professionals and maritime officers, international humanitarian experts, security professionals and journalists. MOAS' assets patrol major migrant shipping lanes: using Remote Piloted Aircrafts with thermal and night imaging, the crew monitors the area to locate migrant vessels in distress. The moment one is located, the appropriate official Rescue Coordination Centre is informed.The MOAS crew assesses the migrants’ needs using two RHIBs (rigid hull inflatable boats) stocked with water, non-perishable food, life jackets, blankets, and medical supplies available for speedy distribution. When the team encounters someone who needs urgent medical care, or a vessel in danger of sinking, they are able to take the people in need on board and assist until disembarkation on shore or on other vessels, as directed by the interested Rescue Coordination Centre (RCC).MOAS operates in full compliance with the international maritime law (SAR Convention of 1979 and UNCLOS Convention of 1982), the relevant EU law (including the Charter of Fundamental Rights) and international law (including the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and obligations related to access to international protection, in particular the principle of non-refoulement, which forbids the rendering of a victim of persecution to their persecutor).