UN convention on the rights of the child
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) is a legally-binding international agreement setting out the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of every child, regardless of their race, religion or abilities.
Since being adopted by the United Nations in 1989, the UNCRC has received 194 ratifications with only two countries in the world still to ratify. This means they have agreed to do everything they can to make the rights a reality for children around the world.
All signatories are bound to the UNCRC by international law, and its implementation is monitored by the Committee on the Rights of the Child.
Under the terms of the convention, states are required to meet the basic needs of children and help them meet their full potential. Central to this is the acknowledgement that every child has basic fundamental rights.
- The right to life
- The right to his or her own name and identity
- The right to be protected from abuse or exploitation
- The right to an education
- The right to having their privacy protected
- To be raised by, or have a relationship with, their parents
- The right to express their opinions and have these listened to and, where appropriate, acted upon
- The right to play and enjoy culture and art in safety
On 25 May 2000, two optional protocols were added to the UNCRC. The first of these asks governments to ensure that children under the age of 18 are not forcibly recruited into their armed forces. It also requires governments to do everything they can to make sure members of their armed forces who are under the age of 18 do not take part in combat.
The second of these protocols calls on states to prohibit child prostitution and child pornography and the sale of children into slavery. So far, both protocols have already been ratified by more than 120 states.
Read a summary of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.