Obesity in World, Europe and Turkey
Obesity is an important global public health problem. Obesity is showing an increase everyday both in developed and developing countries. In 12 year lasting MONICA study which is performed in Asia, Africa and in 6 different regions of Europe, it was announced that obesity prevalence showed an increase between 10-30% within 10 years.
Obesity : 400 Million
Overweight: 1,4 Billion
Obesity : 700 Million
Overweight : 2,3 Billion
According to the NHANES (USA-National Nutrition and Health Survey) study implemented by the prevention of diseases and control center (CDC) in USA where the obesity is frequently seen, in the years 2003-2004 obesity (BMI 30) prevalence was determined as 31.1% in men, 33.2% in women, in the years 2005-2006 these values were determined as 33.3% in men and 35.3% in women.
According to the various studies implemented in Europe on adults, the overweight prevalence was changed between 32-79% in men 28-78% in women. The obesity prevalence was changed between 5- 23% in men, 7-36% in women. According to these studies the countries having the highest over weight condition are Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina and United Kingdom (Scotland). Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan are the countries where the prevalence are the lowest.
With respect to nutritional status, Turkey has the view of including problems of both the developing and developed countries together. The nutritional status of Turkish people differs according to regions, seasons, socio-economical status and urban-rural settlement. The main reason of the difference is the inequality of income distribution which affects the frequency and characteristic of nutrition problems. Also, the lack of knowledge about nutrition causes choosing wrong type of food, preparing, cooking or storing food in a wrong way and increases nutritional problems.
Turkish people's main food is bread and other grains. 44% of daily calorie intake is derived from bread only and 58% from bread and other grains.