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Youth and unemployment in the limelight

The Ministers of Labour of the EU states reached an agreement in 2013 about the system of youth guarantee. The member states will have to put the system into practice from 2014 – the topic was discussed within the frames of a roundtable talk at the Europe Point.

The details of the youth guarantee programme that is aimed at reducing the unemployment among young people under 25 will be finalised until the end of 2013 within the frames of which Hungary is to receive 15 billion forints from the EU. On Wednesday, 30th October, a roundtable discussion was organised in new institution of the European Commission Representation in Hungary and the Information Office of the European Parliament at their new common institution located in the Lövőház street of Budapest. To close the night, the Akkezdet Phiai group that is constituted of Saiid (Márk Süveg), Újonc (Péter Závada) and Frequent (Patrik Havas) performed on the stage of the Europe Point. The programme – just like every single event of the European Point – was free of charge.

 

A brief summary

László Andor, a Member of the European Commission responsible for employment, social affairs and inclusion announced that the initiative supported by the Committee is to offer internships, trainings and job opportunities to young people in the future. He also added that those young people who are harder to employ, for example those who have left school before time must enjoy priority, because they are in a more sensitive situation than those graduates who are struggling to find work because of the crisis. In relation to the programme that is starting in Hungary from next year, Bence Rétvári, the State Secretary of the Ministry of Public Administration and Justice noted that he finds it an illusion that from a budget of 15 billion HUF, a solution will be found for every problem, since the government is devoting the multiple times this amount of this money to education, the support of the start-up of businesses and reduced contribution. He added that the majority of workplaces are transferring to Asia and Europe is becoming less competent in comparison to China because of the differences in work criteria. During the conversation, Bence Rétvári emphasized the importance of internships pointing out that it is a work experience indispensable when looking for a job later. Róbert Komáromi, the main director of the National Labour Office discussed how the details of the youth guarantee programme and the methods for the use of the European Union and necessary additional Hungarian sources that will be recorded until 31st December. The road to the programme leads through the labour offices. Csaba Őry, European parliament representative, the coordinator of the EPP Group Coordinator on employment and social affairs said that every member state was free to make a decision about their own employability programme on the national level. He also mentioned that he sees a positive opportunity in the cooperation between workplaces and schools, since it is not a secret that the knowledge and experience that young people will need in the work market is changing rapidly.

 

What exactly is the youth guarantee programme?

According to the plans, every young person under 25 who loses their job or cannot find a job upon finishing school, has to receive a relevant job offer within 4 months, or has to participate in further education, practical training with an education contract or an internship. The committee that gathered in February 2013 elaborated on an exact direction, based on which the member states can produce their country-specific guarantee programme on their own. The programme must be introduced as soon as possible, preferably by 2014; in those countries, however, which are struggling with serious financial difficulties and where the youth unemployment rate is significantly high, the youth guarantee system can also be introduced gradually. The aim of the initiative is to help young people get an adequate training and start work, thereby preventing the long-term consequences of youth unemployment, which have a negative effect on the individual and society. The EU subsidizes the introduction of the guarantee programme from diverse sources in the regions with the highest rate of youth unemployment. Within the frames of the European Union initiative aimed at promoting the employment of young people (Youth Employment Initiative – YEI), in the period between 2014 and 2020, Hungarian interventions will be rendered more intensive and on the other hand, initiatives will be introduced to help youth employment. Therefore, the youth guarantee is basically an answer to the deteriorating unemployment situation of the European youth, meaning that there are more and more young people in Europe who do not have work and who are outside the education or training system.

 

Molnár Judit

 

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