The educational system in Spain
The basic school consists of ten years which are developed from six to sixteen years old (meeting the legal age in Spain to become a part of the labour market), and it is organized in primary compulsory school and secondary compulsory school. It is important to highlight that the compulsory school is free for all pupils attending schools in Spain who decide to study in public schools, but the cost of school materials, books, suits or other school supplies are supported by their parents.
Primary school goes from six to twelve years old, and is split in three periods of two years each. The objectives of the primary school are for the children to acquire basic cultural knowledge, oral expression, writing, arithmetic, and the steady increase of their autonomy of action.
The second part of the compulsory education is the secondary school, composed of four years split into two phases, and goes up to sixteen years old. After completion of this last stadium students obtain the Leaving Certificate, that enables them to either study “Bachillerato” or go to a Professional Training Centre.
If the student goes to study Bachillerato, specialized education will be provided for two years, focused in arts, health sciences, social sciences, technological sciences or humanities (depending on the election of the pupil). When these two years are successfully over, students obtain the Certificate of Bachiller, and will set for an exam that allows them into the university.
If the student chooses to go to a Professional Training Centre, it is necessary to have the Certificate of Leaving to access or to pass an exam. Theses studies are composed by a set of specific studies organized in professional modules, and split into professional families. When these phase is completed they have access to bachillerato, or to other training Studies of higher level.
About university education is Spain, up to 2010 was structured in cycles, where we could find First cycle (that would lead to obtain a title of Certificate,) and would last for three years approximately, and its completion gave access to the second cycle (the title after the completion of the second cycle was “Licenciado, Arquitecto or Ingeniero”.
The Third cycle is doctorate programs, and the access is regulated by the university itself. It is compulsory to be in possession of a Second Cycle Certificate.
After two years, with the Entrance into the European Space of Higher Education the university structure was reduced to the following:
Graduate: University degree of four years.
Master: Postgraduate programs f up to two years. It is mandatory to be in possession of a graduate certificate.
Doctorate: Postgraduate programs. It is compulsory to hold a Master Certificate.
Written by Eurodesk Qualified Multiplier Burgos, Ayuntamiento de Burgos