Robots revolution. Are our jobs in danger?
The technological advances, supported by science, mathematics and engineering (nanotechnology, neurotechnology, biotechnology, etc.), are produced to great speed.
Its application to health supposes big improvements in the quality of life, as well as its use for the realization of painful or dangerous works.
The increasing use of technologies in the production and manufacturing processes of goods and services, allows smart factories to improve their productivity.
It is estimated that this could add 14.2 billion dollars to the world economy.
FOURTH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
Thus, we are talking about the fourth industrial revolution.
Industry 4.0, digital industry or smart industry, is based on:
1- Internet of Things IoT
2- Cyberphysical systems
4- Fábricas 4.0 – Smart industries
There is a great interest in this phenomenon and its consequences and is being analyzed by different entities, such as Universities (Oxford), innovation companies (General Electric), human resources ones (Randstad, Adecco), governments (Germany, USA), forums (WEF in Davos), political parties, social movements, etc.
And it is spread by the different media
These changes will happen on a large scale and will affect all economic sectors in all countries
The studies suggest that new jobs will be created, from 1 to 2 million, according to the source.
It is also expected the disappearance of 5 million jobs (technological unemployment)
First, it will affect the most industrialized countries in the world, which are, in order:
USA, China, Japan, Germany, United Kingdom, France, India, Italy, Brazil, Russia
Countries whose economies are based on cheap labour will lose this competitive advantage.
GROWING OR NEW PROFESSIONS
- STEM professions (science-technology-engineering-mathematics)
- Computer programmers
- Visual design
- Digital creativity
- Strategy and Business Management
- Marketing and comunication, etc.
PROFESSIONS THAT WILL GO ON
- Assistance professions or those requiring empathy.
- Professions related to culture and creativity
- Care and education of children, etc.
These are capabilities that artificial intelligence does not have
JOBS WILL BE LOST
In repetitive tasks. Trades such as:
- Telephone Operators
- Supermarket checkers
- Administrative field jobs
- Related to transport and logistics, etc.
Some sectors are expected to grow:
- Tourism and leisure
- Health & Wellness
This revolution brings again the debate on UNIVERSAL BASIC INCOME (UBI), which has been in the books for 40 years, and now is being debated in political spaces.
The Facts: The resulting negative balance of jobs created and destroyed would leave many people out of the system.
Critics allege that it would be a huge expense, and this could not be viable
- It would cause inflation.
- It would generate a society of slackers by discouraging effort and study.
- Access to foreigners should be closed in case of implementation.
Supporters say it would be viable, by starting with a tax reform.
- It would reduce inequality.
- It would encourage self-employment.
- It would help the emancipation of women.
- It would make people more free.
- It would improve working conditions.
The debate is served.
Companies and workers must take note of this technological Darwinism. To go with the times or to leave the system.
Written by Eurodesk Qualified Multiplier, Valencia