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Robots revolution. Are our jobs in danger?

A technological tsunami spreads all over the world. The technologies development has brought improvements in our quality of life, but it threatens with the disappearance of many current professions. Do you already know if yours will be affected?

The technological advances, supported by science, mathematics and engineering (nanotechnology, neurotechnology, biotechnology, etc.), are produced to great speed.

Its application to health supposes big improvements in the quality of life, as well as its use for the realization of painful or dangerous works.

The increasing use of technologies in the production and manufacturing processes of goods and services, allows smart factories to improve their productivity.

 

It is estimated that this could add 14.2 billion dollars to the world economy.

FOURTH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION

Thus, we are talking about the fourth industrial revolution.

Industry 4.0, digital industry or smart industry, is based on:

1- Internet of  Things   IoT

2- Cyberphysical systems

3- Maker culture

4- Fábricas 4.0 – Smart industries

There is a great interest in this phenomenon and its consequences and is being analyzed by different entities, such as Universities (Oxford), innovation companies (General Electric), human resources ones (Randstad, Adecco), governments (Germany, USA), forums (WEF in Davos), political parties, social movements, etc.

And it is spread by the different media

These changes will happen on a large scale and will affect all economic sectors in all countries

THE NUMBERS

The studies suggest that new jobs will be created, from 1 to 2 million, according to the source.

It is also expected the disappearance of 5 million jobs (technological unemployment)

THE GEOGRAPHY

First, it will affect the most industrialized countries in the world, which are, in order:

USA, China, Japan, Germany, United Kingdom, France, India, Italy, Brazil, Russia

Countries whose economies are based on cheap labour will lose this competitive advantage.

GROWING OR NEW PROFESSIONS

- STEM professions (science-technology-engineering-mathematics)

- Computer programmers

- Visual design

- Digital creativity

- Strategy and Business Management

- Marketing and comunication, etc.

PROFESSIONS THAT WILL GO ON

- Assistance professions or those requiring empathy.

- Professions related to culture and creativity

- Care and education of children, etc.

These are capabilities that artificial intelligence does not have

JOBS WILL BE LOST

In repetitive tasks. Trades such as:

- Telephone Operators

- Supermarket checkers

- Administrative field jobs

- Related to transport and logistics, etc.

SECTORS

Some sectors are expected to grow:

- Tourism and leisure

- Health & Wellness

- Energy

CHALLENGES

This revolution brings again the debate on UNIVERSAL BASIC INCOME (UBI), which has been in the books for 40 years, and now is being debated in political spaces.

The Facts: The resulting negative balance of jobs created and destroyed would leave many people out of the system.

Critics allege that it would be a huge expense, and this could not be viable

- It would cause inflation.

- It would generate a society of slackers by discouraging effort and study.

- Access to foreigners should be closed in case of implementation.

Supporters say it would be viable, by starting with a tax reform.

- It would reduce inequality.

- It would encourage self-employment.

- It would help the emancipation of women.

- It would make people more free.

- It would improve working conditions.

The debate is served.

Companies and workers must take note of this technological Darwinism. To go with the times or to leave the system.

 

 

Written by Eurodesk Qualified Multiplier, Valencia

Published: Tue, 14/03/2017 - 13:45


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