The social security system is there to provide people in need with care and assistance. Each country has its own system, but there are common rules in place to protect your rights when moving within Europe.
The UN’s Universal Declaration on Human Rights says that societies should help individuals to develop and take full advantage of the opportunities available where they live. That is what social security is all about.
Often, it is achieved through social insurance – pensions for retired people, financial support for the unemployed, family benefits and support people with disabilities. Social security also refers to public services, such as healthcare, childcare or social services.
However, it doesn’t work the same everywhere, so you should be aware of how these rights work inyour country.
The European Union has set up common rules on social security for all EU countries, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland in the fields of: