Discover an island rich in history and culture, and full of wonderful experiences just waiting to be enjoyed. Whatever the season, Cyprus provides ample opportunity to experience something new, interesting and exciting, including activities, events, customs and places that are unique and special to the island.
After Sicily and Sardinia, Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. Cyprus is situated at the crossroads of three continents - Europe, Asia and Africa - the island’s unique geographic position has played an important part in its turbulent past since antiquity.
The earliest known human activity on the island dates to around the 10th millennium BC. Archaeological remains from this period include the well-preserved Neolithic village of Khirokitia, and Cyprus is home to some of the oldest water wells in the world. Its unique geographic position, has played an important part in its turbulent past since antiquity. Mycenaean Greeks, Phoenicians, Assyrians, Egyptians, Romans, Franks, Venetians, Ottomans and British, who all left behind visible remnants of their passage, and have thus created a mosaic of different cultures and periods.
Cyprus gained its independence from the United Kingdom in 1960. On 15 July 1974, a coup d'état was staged by the Greek military junta, precipitating the Turkish invasion in Cyprus on 20 July, which led to the capture of the present-day territory of Northern Cyprus in the following month. A separate Turkish Cypriot state in the north was established by unilateral declaration in 1983; the move was widely condemned by the international community, with Turkey alone recognizing the new state. However, the Republic of Cyprus has de jure sovereignty over the entire island, with the exception of the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, which remain under British control according to the London and Zürich Agreements.
On May 1st 2004, Cyprus became a member of the European Union and on January 1st 2008 joined the Eurozone.
Cyprus has a subtropical-Mediterranean climate, with very mild winters (on the coast) and warm to hot summers. Snow is possible only in the Troodos Mountains in the central part of island. Rain occurs mainly in winter, with summer being generally dry. Generally, summers last about eight months, beginning in April with average temperatures of 21–23 °C during the day and 11–13 °C at night, and ending in November with average temperatures of 22–23 °C during the day and 12–14 °C at night, although in the remaining four months temperatures sometimes exceed 20 °C.
Cyprus' main airport is Larnaca International Airport (LCA) and is on the outskirts of Larnaka. Cyprus is serviced by a variety of different carriers. There are flight connections with most major European cities and many Eastern European countries. There is also an airport in the southwest of the island, near the city of Paphos, but it serves low-priced flights to/from destinations in Europe.
There are frequent and direct Airport Bus services to/from all cities provided by Kapnos Airport Shuttle.
Public transport in Cyprus has been revamped with all new buses. There are no railways in Cyprus.
There is a comprehensive network of bus routes all over Cyprus. Use Cyprus By Bus to plan your journey using buses in Cyprus.
Bicycle road network is well-established and quite popular between major coastal cities. Bicycling on motorways marked with 'A' letter is prosecuted.
Cyprus follows the rules of Europe on the facilities to be provided to people who have difficulties with movement or other special needs. If you encounter this kind of needs, the relevant guide informs you about all the opportunities you have for different activities such as visits to archaeological sites, beaches etc.