Last checked: 26/08/2022

Trade secrets

If you possess valuable information on technology or on any other aspect of your business, you can protect it as a trade secret if the following conditions are met:

What information can be covered by a trade secret?

Trade secrets can include a vast amount of information and know-how that is not protectable or cannot be protected properly through patents, such as:

Information protected by trade secrets can be strategic for the long-term, like recipes or chemical compounds, or for shorter periods, such as the results of a marketing study, a brand name, price and date of launching of a new product or the price offered in a bidding procedure.

How trade secret protection works

The fact that you have a trade secret does not mean that you have exclusive rights (The holder or holders of the IP can exclude anyone else from using the IP in question) over the information in question. If someone else develops the same information, he or she can use it freely.

However, you are protected against dishonest behaviour: for example, if someone accesses the documents related to your secret information without your authorisation, copies them for their personal use or gives them to someone else. You are also protected if someone breaches a non-disclosure agreement and makes the information available to someone else.

In situations of dishonest behaviour, you are entitled to damages and other remedies. For example, a court order can prohibit the use or further disclosure of the trade secret by the person who had acquired, used or disclosed the trade secret unlawfully.

For further information, consult the trade secrets page of the European Intellectual Property Rights HelpdeskOpen as an external link.

Need support from assistance services?

Get in touch with specialised assistance services

European IPR Helpdesk

Free advice and training on intellectual property management for EU co-funded projects or transnational business deals.

Do you have questions on operating a business cross-border, for example exporting or expanding to another EU country? If so, the Enterprise Europe Network can give you free advice.

You can also use the assistance service finder to find the right help for you.

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