Due to a change of European regulation the Minister of Transport and Watermanagement asked the Health Council to advise about fitness to drive in epilepsy. During the process the Dutch Epilepsy Association and the CBR, the driving test organization were consulted. The Council advises to maintain the present criteria for substantial part. The European legislation creates the possibility in some forms of epilepsy with a good prognosis to use other time frames. On a scientific basis the Council advises to change the period of unfitness to drive for group 2 driving licenses after one epileptic seizure from five into two years.