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DOCUMENT GENERAL INFORMATION

TITLE Tuberculosis. Place of vaccination in control of the disease   tuberculose_synthese_anglais.pdf (697.6 KB)
Title in the original language Tuberculose - Place de la vaccination dans la maîtrise de la maladie   (missing)
Document ID LIB264
Document type Scientific experts report/advice
Issue date 23/11/2004
Document reference 2-85598-841-1
Original language of the document French
Full text available in EN (697.6 KB)
Document produced by National Health and Medical Research Institute organisation visiting card
Department/Service/Committee: Inserm collective expertise centre
Document requested by Director General of Health (DGH)
Document uploaded by VERONIQUE LEGRAND
National Health and Medical Research Institute
(08/11/2006)
Scientific domains
Policy domains
  • Health
  • Science and Research

DOCUMENT TEXT

Short description  Combating tuberculosis is a priority of the World Health Organisation (WHO). It is currently estimated that there are 8 million new cases per year and that the number of deaths throughout the world is 2 million. In developing countries where tuberculosis is highly endemic, BCG vaccination of neonates is a key action of the programme to combat the disease. In industrialised countries, the existence of vaccination policies within the programme varies.
It is difficult to distinguish the specific role of vaccination in the overall impact of programmes but it is universally accepted that vaccination prevents young children against the severe forms of the disease.

Short description in the original language  La lutte contre la tuberculose est une priorité pour l’Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS). On estime à l’heure actuelle à 8 millions le nombre de nouveaux cas par an et à 2 millions le nombre annuel de décès dans le monde. Dans les pays en développement, où il y a une forte endémie de tuberculose, la vaccination des nouveau-nés par le BCG est une action déterminante des programmes de lutte contre la maladie. Dans les pays industrialisés, l’existence d’une politique vaccinale au sein du programme est variable. Il est difficile de distinguer le rôle spécifique de la vaccination dans l’impact global des programmes sur le contrôle de la tuberculose mais il est cependant universellement admis que la vaccination protège les jeunes enfants contre les formes sévères de tuberculose.



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