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DOCUMENT GENERAL INFORMATION

TITLE Alcohol. Social damages, abuse and dependence   AlcoholAbuse-synthese-anglais.pdf (697.4 KB)
Title in the original language Alcool. Dommages sociaux, abus et dépendance   (missing)
Document ID LIB504
Document type Scientific advisory body opinion/advice
Issue date 16/01/2007
Document reference ISBN 2-85598-812-8
Original language of the document French
Full text available in EN (697.4 KB)
Document produced by National Health and Medical Research Institute organisation visiting card
Department/Service/Committee: Inserm Collective Expertise Center
Document requested by MILDT, CNAM-TS, INPES
Document uploaded by VERONIQUE LEGRAND
National Health and Medical Research Institute
(16/01/2007)
Scientific domains
Policy domains
  • Health
  • Science and Research
  • Youth

DOCUMENT TEXT

Short description  Acohol consumption has regularly decreased in recent decades both in France and in Europe as a whole. France nevertheless continues to lead the European states in term of premature, alcohol-related male deaths. Alcohol abuse is still a major public health problem in France.
The type of drinks and consumption habits vary according to age, sex, and social and cultural environment. The hazards are not the same: accidents, impulsive, risky behaviour, violence and trauma associated with drunkenness; cancer, cirrhosis, cardiovascular complications, neurological disorders and dependency associated with excessive chronic alcohol intake. Five million French people currently have first-hand experience of the medical problems and psychological or social difficulties associated with alcohol abuse.
The steps taken to solve this problem still appear inadequate, there is still an obvious lack of resources for both the prevention and management of this problem. This expertise, which follows on from an initial approach dealing more specifically with the effects of alcohol on health, provide scientific information relating to alcohol-related consumption habits and how these have changed over time, the social damages associated with excessive consumption, the risk factors for abuse and dependency and the related management problems.

Short description in the original language  La consommation de boissons alcooliques a régulièrement baissé au cours des dernières décennies en France comme en Europe. La France reste néanmoins en tête des pays européens pour la mortalité masculine prématurée attribuée à l’alcool.
La nature des consommations et le mode d’alcoolisation varient selon l’âge, le sexe, l’environnement social et culturel. Dès lors, les dangers ne sont pas les mêmes : accidents, conduites à risque, violences et traumatismes liés à l’ivresse ; cancers, cirrhoses, complications cardiovasculaires, troubles neurologiques, dépendance liés à une surconsommation chronique. Cinq millions de Français connaissent aujourd’hui des problèmes médicaux et des difficultés psychologiques ou sociales liées à une consommation nocive d’alcool.
Les mesures prises pour faire face à ce problème apparaissent encore trop modestes, le manque de moyens reste patent pour la prévention comme pour la prise en charge. Cette expertise, qui fait suite à un premier volet traitant plus spécifiquement des effets de l’alcool sur la santé, permet de disposer de données scientifiques concernant les modes de consommation des boissons alcooliques et leur évolution au fil du temps, les dommages sociaux liés aux consommations excessives, les facteurs de risque de l’abus et de la dépendance et les problèmes de prise en charge qui y sont attachés.

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