"Comprehensive Planning" is the regulatory framework of functioning of the cities in USA and in Canada. In Europe, instead, it is only partially applied in ERDF structural fund regulation. According to Article 7 of EU Regulation No 1301/2013 urban authorities had to implement "sustainable urban strategies" that "that set out integrated actions to tackle the economic, environmental, climate, demographic and social challenges affecting urban areas, while taking into account the need to promote urban-rural linkages." At least in Italy, it has resulted in sustainable development plans focused mainly on sectorial plan related to green mobility and ICT. Now, "in the context of the upcoming Multiannual Financial Framework for 2021-2027, the European Commission published a proposal for a regulation on the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund (CF) on 29 May 2018." The Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the European Regional Development Fund and on the Cohesion Fund 2021–2027 provides at article 2: "the ERDF shall support the following specific objectives: ... (e)'a Europe closer to citizens by
fostering the sustainable and integrated development of urban, rural and coastal areas and local initiatives' ('PO 5') by: (i)fostering the integrated social, economic and environmental development, cultural heritage and security in urban areas; ..."
We will show the potentiality of this comprehensive approach to gain a consistent improvement in strengthening the role of European Union for cities sustainable development based on culture and heritage.
In Europe detailed Comprehensive Planning seems still to be defined clearly. Instead, in USA and in Canada the City Comprehensive Plan addresses a wide series of themes, such as: economy, social, culture, infrastructure development, education, health, land and resources and governance. It is formed by a series of sectorial strategic planning, such as:
- Cultural Masterplan,
- Heritage Interpretive Masterplan,
- Tourism Masterplan,
- Economic Masterplan,
- Youth Masterplan,
- Health and Wellbeing Masterplan,
- Public Spaces Masterplan,
- Water and Waste Masterplan,
- Energy Masterplan,
- Mobility and Parking Masterplan and
- Land Use Planning.
The comprehensive plan must interacts also with the regional comprehensive plan and regional sectorial strategic plan.
Building SQUARE - Brussels Convention Centre, Room Agora 2.