Thomas Farole is a lead economist in the World Bank’s Social Protection and Jobs Global Practice, where he works on the intersection between jobs and productivity, trade and industrial policy, and spatial development. Prior to joining the Jobs Group, he was a senior economist in the Trade & Competitiveness Global Practice and country economist for Botswana. He is the author of several books, including: Special Economic Zones in Africa; Making Foreign Direct Investment Work for Sub-Saharan Africa (with Deborah Winkler); Special Economic Zones: Progress, Challenges, and Future Directions (with Gokhan Akinci); and The Internal Geography of Trade: Lagging Regions and Global Markets. His recent articles have appeared in IZA World of Labor, The Journal of Economic Geography, and World Development. He holds a PhD in Economic Geography and an MSc in Local Economic Development from the London School of Economics (LSE), and a BSc in Economics from the University of Pennsylvania.