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S U M M A R Y

PARTICIPANTS  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
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ITEMS DISCUSSED

GREAT LAKES REGION  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5

FUTURE EU RELATIONS WITH ACP COUNTRIES  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9

HUMAN AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND EU DEVELOPMENT POLICY  . . . . . . . . .  10

GENDER ISSUES IN CRISIS PREVENTION, EMERGENCY OPERATIONS
AND REHABILITATION  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15

FIGHT AGAINST ANTI-PERSONNEL LANDMINES  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  18

COHERENCE BETWEEN THE DIFFERENT COMMUNITY POLICIES  . . . . . . . . . . .  21

UNGASS  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22

ITEMS ADOPTED WITHOUT DISCUSSION

Rehabilitation and reconstruction in developing countries . . . . . . . .   I

Development cooperation with South Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  II

North-South cooperation in the campaign against drugs
and drug addiction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  II

Aid for population policies and programmes in developing countries  . .   III

Evaluation of humanitarian assistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  IV

The  Governments  of the  Member  States  and the  European  Commission  were
represented as follows:

Belgium:
Mr Reginald MOREELS          State Secretary  for  Development  Cooperation,
                             attached to the Prime Minister

Denmark:
Mr Poul NIELSON              Minister for Development Cooperation

Germany:
Mr Klaus-Jürgen HEDRICH      State Secretary for Development Cooperation

Greece:
Mr Pavlos APOSTOLIDES        Permanent Representative

Spain:
Mr Fernando VILLALONGA       State Secretary  for International  Cooperation
                             and Latin America

France:
Mr Jacques GODFRAIN          Minister attached to  the Minister  for Foreign
                             Affairs, with responsibility for Cooperation

Ireland:
Ms Joan BURTON               Minister  of State at the Department of Foreign
                             Affairs   with   special   responsibility   for
                             Overseas Development Aid and at the  Department
                             of Justice

Italy:
Mr Rino SERRI                State Secretary for Foreign Affairs

Luxembourg:
Mr Georges WOHLFART          State Secretary for Foreign Affairs

Netherlands:
Mr Jan PRONK                 Minister for Development Cooperation

Austria:
Ms Benita FERRERO-WALDNER    State Secretary for Foreign Affairs

Portugal:
Mr José LAMEGO               State Secretary for Cooperation

Finland:
Mr Pekka HAAVISTO            Minister  for the  Environment  and Development
                             Cooperation
Ms Kirsti LINTONEN           Under-Secretary  of   State   for   Development
                             Cooperation

Sweden:
Mr Pierre SCHORI             Minister,  Ministry for  Foreign  Affairs, with
                             responsibility  for  International  Development
                             Cooperation,  Deputy   Minister   for   Foreign
                             Affairs

United Kingdom:
Baroness Lynda CHALKER       Minister for Overseas Development

Commission :
Mr João de Deus PINHEIRO     Member

GREAT LAKES REGION - COUNCIL STATEMENT

1.   The Council on its meeting of 22 November 1996, considered recent events
     in  the  Great Lakes  Region  and  the  urgent challenge  posed  by  the
     unfolding developments for the Governments and peoples of the Region and
     for the entire international community.

     The Council considered in  detail the dramatic events of  recent days in
     which around half a million people  have returned from Eastern Zaire  to
     Rwanda.  It welcomed this development.  It noted with  concern, however,
     that large numbers of  refugees and displaced Zairians  remain dispersed
     in Eastern Zaire out of reach of humanitarian assistance.  It considered
     that urgent attention must be paid to the situation in Burundi.  It also
     noted that Tanzania is now  hosting a huge refugee population  with more
     than a 100,00 new arrivals in recent weeks.

2.   The Council, recognising  the importance  of political and  humanitarian
     components being  consistent with  long  term security  and  development
     needs

     -    adopted a Joint  Action on the Great Lakes Region and a decision on
          its implementation (see pages 7 and 8);

     -    agreed  to  the  immediate  delivery  of  significant  humanitarian
          assistance.  As a first step, 10 MECU will be made available by the
          Commission  at  once  for  the  provision  of  food,  shelter   and
          protection for the large  numbers of refugees returning to  Rwanda.
          A further 15 MECU from presently  available funds will be committed
          in the coming weeks;

     -    noted  that  the  Commission has  proposed  to  rapidly mobilise  a
          further 144 MECU for humanitarian needs in the Region;

     -    welcomed the  initiative  of the  Commission  to propose  in  early
          December  a  strategic and  comprehensive  plan  of action  for  EU
          assistance to the Great Lakes Region, covering emergency and relief
          efforts, reintegration of refugees and displaced people, social and
          economic  rehabilitation,  the  reconstruction  of independent  and
          equitable  justice   systems,  rebuilding   and  reinforcement   of
          administrative   systems  and   constitutional  institutions,   and
          regional peace-building efforts;

     -    agreed that this action plan which needs to be flexible to adapt to
          a  rapidly  evolving situation,  shall  be developed  in  close and
          continuous dialogue with all concerned including regional partners;

     -    emphasised  again  the  importance attached  by  the  Union  to the
          convening of an  international conference under the  joint auspices
          of the UN and the OAU  in order to address within a global approach
          the root causes of the crises.


3.   The Council received a briefing  from its President, Minister BURTON, on
     the outcome of the EU assessment mission of 10-12 November  to Zaire and
     Rwanda.

4.   The Council agreed  that the return of  refugees to Rwanda significantly
     facilitates the organisation  of immediate  humanitarian assistance  and
     also assists in the search for solutions within Rwanda and the Region.

5.   The Council  strongly affirmed the  commitment of the  European Union to
     support the Government of Rwanda in its work to reintegrate the refugees
     on a just and equitable basis and to promote reconciliation and dialogue
     between  all parties  and  the  development of  civil  society. In  this
     context,  the Council agreed on the urgent  need for an increased number
     of  trained and  experienced human  rights  monitors to  be  deployed in
     Rwanda. Member States affirmed their willingness to assist  in providing
     them.

6.   The Council welcomed  the adoption  of United  Nations Security  Council
     Resolutions 1078 and 1080 concerning  the establishment for humanitarian
     reasons  of a  temporary  multinational force.  In this  connection, the
     Council  noted ongoing  consultations on  the  need for  flexibility and
     responsiveness to  rapidly changing  circumstances  in relation  to  the
     planning and preparations for the  envisaged force. It stressed the need
     to take  the necessary decisions  rapidly in order  to make humanitarian
     aid  available  as  soon  as  possible  to the  remaining  refugees  and
     displaced  persons.  The   Council  reiterated   the  importance  of   a
     substantive African role in such a force.

7.   The Council  again expressed  strong support  for the Arusha  process as
     well as, specifically, for the outcome of the Nairobi Summit of Heads of
     State on the Region held on  5 November. It again expressed support  for
     the views expressed by Regional Heads of State on the  importance of the
     territorial integrity of  Zaire, an end  to cross-border incursions,  as
     well  as  the inalienable  rights  of  all  people,  including those  of
     citizenship and nationality.

8.   The  Council   reiterated  the   Union's  commitment   to  support   the
     democratization  process in  Zaire  and stressed  the importance  of all
     Zairians being allowed to participate in the elections.

9.   The  Council again expressed  warm appreciation for  the work  of the EU
     Special Envoy to the Great Lakes Region, Mr Aldo Ajello, and his efforts
     to  facilitate a  peaceful resolution  of  the conflict  and  to address
     immediate humanitarian requirements.

Great Lakes Region - Joint Action and decision [1]   on implementation of the
Joint Action 

The Council adopted a Joint  Action on the Great Lakes Region and  a decision
on  the implementation of this  Joint Action.  The  two acts which will enter
into  force the  day of  their  adoption, make  particular  reference to  the
statement of Ministers for  Development Cooperation  and Humanitarian Aid  of
7 November  and to  the  resolutions of  the UN  Security  Council  of 9  and
15 November.

The Joint Action contains the following provisions:

     The European Union  supports the urgent  implementation of the  relevant
     United Nations Security Council Resolutions, with a view to enabling the
     delivery  of humanitarian  aid to  Eastern  Zaire and  facilitating  the
     return by free  consent of refugees to  their country of origin  and the
     return of displaced  persons.  The Community and  its Member States will
     contribute to  implementing those  Resolutions in  ways which  they deem
     appropriate, and  which they will  coordinate in  the manner set  out in
     this Joint Action.  The European Union reaffirms the priority which must
     be given  to the return of  the refugees to their country  of origin and
     the need  to overcome  all  obstacles to  that  end.   It  confirms  its
     willingness to assist Rwanda to  create the essential conditions for the
     return of the Rwandan refugees.

     In the context  of support for United  Nations coordination, the Council
     notes that the Commission will ensure coordination of the efforts of the
     Community and its Member States  with a view to providing and delivering
     humanitarian aid to the refugees  and displaced persons in Eastern Zaire
     as a matter of urgency.


     Taking into account  their voluntary  contributions in humanitarian  and
     military aid, the  Member States will consult  and cooperate within  the
     Council  on  their   voluntary  contributions  in  support   of  African
     participation  in  the  multinational  force,  in  accordance  with  the
     relevant United Nations Security Council Resolutions.

     As regards the financing of the Community contribution to the objectives
     of this Joint Action, the Council notes that the Commission will examine
     the possibilities and make appropriate proposals.

     The European  Union will intensify  its efforts to  restore stability in
     the  Great Lakes Region, in particular by  encouraging the setting up of
     democratic institutions and respect for human rights.  It reaffirms that
     the  holding  of an  international  conference  on peace,  security  and
     development in the Great Lakes  Region, under the auspices of the United
     Nations and the  Organization of African Unity,  has a decisive  role to
     play  in finding a lasting  settlement of the crisis  in the region.  It
     invites  all  the  parties to  redouble  their efforts  so  that  such a
     conference may be held.

As for  the  decision on  the elaboration  and  implementation of  the  Joint
Action
- which  will  be notified  to  the  WEU  in  accordance with  the  pertinent
conclusions adopted by  the Council on 14 May 1996  - it stipulates  that the
EU requests  the WEU to examine, as a matter  of urgency, how it can, for its
part, contribute to  the optimum use of the operational  resources available.
This  request takes  into  account the  fact that  the implementation  of the
Joint Action  has defence  implications and may,  in particular, require  the
use of military means  and that, in these  circumstances, use should be  made
of the WEU.


FUTURE EU  RELATIONS WITH THE DEVELOPING  COUNTRIES OF AFRICA, THE  CARIBBEAN
AND THE PACIFIC

The  Council took  note  of a  presentation by  Commissioner PINHEIRO  of the
Green Paper  adopted by  the  Commission on  20 November which  formulates  a
number  of key  questions and  options for  discussions  with all  interested
parties  on the possible shape, content and scope  of the future post Lomé IV
relationship, taking into account  the unprecedented changes which  have been
taking  place  in the  international  scene, in  the  ACP States  and in  the
European Union since the Lomé IV Convention was signed.

The Council welcomed  the Commission's Green Paper  and had a  first exchange
of views on future EU  relations with the developing countries of Africa, the
Caribbean and the Pacific.   The debate confirmed that  the Community and its
Member States remained  fully committed to continue cooperation with  the ACP
States.

At  the  end of  the debate,  the President  concluded  that this  issue will
remain  on the  Community agenda  for the  coming months  and that  the Green
Paper  will  provide a  very  valid  basis for  a  wide  discussion among  EU
institutions and Member States, with  the ACP States, with NGOs and in  other
interested political, economic and social fora.

HUMAN  AND  SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT  AND  EUROPEAN  UNION DEVELOPMENT  POLICY    -
COUNCIL RESOLUTION

1. The Council endorses the general approach on Human and Social Development
   (HSD)  and EU  development cooperation  presented  by the  Commission. It
   recalls its  resolutions adopted  since 1992  in the  context of "Horizon
   2000", notably those on poverty reduction, gender, education  and health,
   and  considers that the  HSD approach provides an  important underpinning
   for their implementation.  

   HSD denotes  a people-oriented emphasis  to development.   People are the
   actors  in the  development process;  the pursuit  of the  EU development
   policy objectives  set out in  the Treaty (Art.130u), namely  sustainable
   development,  poverty  reduction,  economic  integration  of   developing
   countries into the world economy and furthering of democracy and the rule
   of law, depends crucially  on human and social factors.  The  orientation
   and  methods  of  development cooperation  in  relation  to  HSD  must be
   strengthened.

   This is also  in line with  the conclusions of the Cairo,  Copenhagen and
   Beijing conferences which have all emphasised the central role of HSD for
   development and have called for greater commitments in this area.

2. The Council calls on the Commission and the Member States  to demonstrate
   a  renewed and  strong commitment  to HSD.   This requires action  in the
   following policy areas:

   a)   Human empowerment: good governance and civil society

        Human  empowerment  and  participation  imply  that  men,  women  and
        children  are  the  subjects  not the  objects,  of  the  development
        process.  Empowerment means increasing  the range of human choice and
        concerns both  the state and  civil society.  Gender  sensitivity and
        the empowerment of women is an essential dimension of this endeavour.
        It is necessary to:

        -    support democratisation, human rights and the rule of law as  an
             essential element of  our cooperation with  developing countries
             and  promote good governance and decentralisation by making even
             greater     efforts    in    institutional    capacity-building,
             administrative  reform and in fighting corruption, in particular
             through organisational support,  training of  policy makers  and
             public  officials and support to underpin human rights; country-
             specific governance assessments can make a useful contribution;

        -    support  the development of local expertise, the mobilisation of
             local  resources and the  full responsibility and involvement of
             local   people  in   the   conception  and   implementation   of
             development activity;  to this end a  review of the delivery  of
             technical assistance supported by donors is needed;

        -    support the participation of  civil society in policy making and
             development  activity; the  aim is to  promote participation and
             social  dialogue on  a  broad basis,  not  just at  the  project
             level;  a  systematic  assessment of  the  social  and  societal
             impact of policies, programmes and projects is required.

   b)   An  enabling  economic  environment  with  special attention  to  the
        expansion of employment and productivity of work

        The volume and structure  of employment, its diversification and  the
        increase in the productivity of  work are crucial for economic growth
        and income distribution  and thus for the campaign  to reduce poverty
        and  achieve sustainable  development. Considering the  importance of
        high rates of economic growth, it is, however, essential that overall
        growth and development processes are broadly based ensuring that poor
        men and  women are drawn  into and benefit  from growth. In  order to
        enhance the productivity  of labour and expand the  demand for labour
        the following could be pursued:

        -    ensure  that the  macro-economic  policies  support broad  based
             economic growth and widespread distribution of its benefits;

        -    promote  equitable  access  to  assets  such  as  skills,  land,
             credit, capital  and technology, to  enhance work  opportunities
             in  rural and  urban  areas and  the  productivity of  work,  in
             particular for women ; 

        -    support  the formulation and implementation by partner countries
             - as part of  partners' overall strategy to  reduce poverty - of
             consistent  overall  employment strategies  on  the basis  of  a
             commitment to accelerate  the increase in productive  employment
             in  the private  sector with  the  aim of  having an    economic
             policy which should be both job and productivity-driven ;

        -    support  the development  of an environment  favourable to small
             enterprises   and  micro-enterprises,  including  those  in  the
             informal  sector   through,   inter  alia,   the  provision   of
             appropriate  and  efficient credit  facilities,  notably  micro-
             credit; 

        -    support  improvements in quality/relevance and  the expansion of
             education and  training systems including  lifelong learning; no
             sustainable  increases in  employment  and productivity  can  be
             achieved  without raising  the qualifications and responsiveness
             of human resources to economic change;

        -    where  appropriate, promote  labour-intensiveness of  investment
             in  economic and social infrastructures that use local resources
             and  provide  for their  effective  integration into  the  local
             socio-economic context.

   c)   Health

        Under  the  "Horizon  2000" initiative,  the  Council  has identified
        health as  a major  priority of development  aid and  of coordination
        between  the Community  and Member  States.   As a  follow-up  to the
        relevant Council Resolutions it is necessary to:

        -    support the definition and  implementation by partner  countries
             of  more equitable and  sustainable health policies particularly
             with  regard to gender issues and to  reaching disadvantaged and
             geographically  distant populations;  ensure better  integration
             within health  policy  of action  in the  field of  reproductive
             health;

        -    increase support  to the reform  of health care  systems and  to
             the  further expansion of primary health care services including
             sexual  and reproductive  health care  and  services, preventive
             activities,  in  particular  the  prevention of  epidemics,  and
             rehabilitation;   develop   access   to   medicines    including
             vaccination  and their  rational use,  especially for  very poor
             and  marginalised people; promote staff training, a rational and
             efficient  use  of human  and financial  resources allocated  to
             health  and  an  efficient distribution  of  roles  between  the
             public and private sectors;

        -    increase the effectiveness  of investment in water,  sanitation,
             and  housing, particularly  in urban areas;  promote measures of
             primary  prevention  (e.g.   safety  at  work,  road   security,
             reduction in air  and water pollution) and access to  sufficient
             food of good quality at household level ;

        -    secure  the  integration  of  all  health  concerns  into  other
             development  policies  with  special  emphasis  on  the   socio-
             economic impact of the spread of HIV/AIDS.

   d)   Education and training

        Education and  training is also  a major priority of  development aid
        and  of coordination between  the Community and Member  States.  As a
        follow-up to the relevant Council Resolution it is necessary to:

        -    enable  partner  countries to  define  and implement  their  own
             education  and  training  policies;  to  ensure  continuity  and
             sustainability,  medium- and long-term commitment on the part of
             governments as well as donors is required;

        -    support  improvements  in the  effectiveness  of  education  and
             training  systems;   improved  access   to  education   must  be
             accompanied  by  minimum  quality if  pupils  are  to  gain  the
             necessary  knowledge,   skills  and  attitudes;  this   requires
             promoting  efficient management,  quality, relevance  and gender
             sensitivity  of  education  and  training  structures;  cost  to
             parents for basic education should be such that they can  afford
             to send their children to school;

        -    in  view  of  the  above,  support  the  balanced  expansion  of
             education  and  training capacities,  giving  priority  to basic
             education  and ensuring a  significant acceleration in access by
             girls and equitable provision to disadvantaged groups.

   An important  dimension of  these priorities  is the  economic and social
   inclusion and protection of vulnerable people, children and disadvantaged
   and marginalised groups.

3. The  Council calls on the  Commission and the Member  States to implement
   these  priorities by  placing HSD  at  the very  core of  development co-
   operation.  This implies action to:

   a)   Move HSD upstream  into the core of macro-economic  policy design and
        implementation ; the macro-policy dialogue with partner countries and
        decisions on economic reform programmes  and debt relief need to take
        full  account and underpin the policies of human empowerment, broadly
        based  and  equitable economic  growth,  expansion of  employment and
        productivity, health and  education; to achieve this there  is a need
        to  involve HSD  specialists as  well as  macro-economists in  policy
        dialogues, design and implementation.

   b)   Secure  a  sufficiently high  level of  financial resources  for HSD,
        especially in  regard to health,  and education; in this  regard, the
        Council recalls the agreement reached  at the World Summit for Social
        Development in Copenhagen  on a mutual commitment  between interested
        developed and developing country partners to allocate, on average, 20
        per cent of ODA and 20 per cent of the national budget, respectively,
        to basic social programmes.

   c)   Accord high priority  to HSD  indicators when  assessing the  overall
        development  performance of  a  particular country;  a  set of  basic
        socio-economic indicators and  targets would  be established by  each
        country   with   which  the   EU   maintains  long-term   development
        cooperation;  gender  sensitivity  should  be   integrated  in  these
        indicators:  countries  showing  a  serious  commitment to  HSD,  for
        example  registered  improvements in  the  agreed indicators  will be
        given increased  support in  their  endeavours in  these areas;  this
        implies a  change in donor  conditionality, with greater  emphasis on
        efforts and results in poverty reduction and HSD.

   d)   Increase   effectiveness   of  support   for  HSD   by  strengthening
        initiative, responsibility and mobilization  of partner countries  in
        designing  and  implementing  their  own  policies and  by  deepening
        coordination between  donors.   This  can  be promoted  by  combining
        policy  intentions  and  objectives  of  partner countries  with  the
        financial resources  and human  capacity  to achieve  them within  an
        operational  framework  that   ensures  coherence,  coordination  and
        medium-term commitment from all partners  involved. It is, therefore,
        necessary to accelerate and gradually  extend the initiative launched
        by  the  Commission  and  Member  States  with  regard  to  "Sectoral
        Development Programmes"; whilst concentrating  on the pilot countries
        for coordination under  "Horizon 2000" ; close cooperation with other
        donors, in particular  with the  World Bank, will  also be needed  to
        implement this approach.

   e)   Better integrate HSD considerations  -including gender balance-  into
        programmes and projects  in other  policy areas;  when combined  with
        support   for    human   resource    development   and    small-scale
        entrepreneurship,  investments  in  infrastructure can  increase  the
        contribution to poverty reduction,  employment generation and private
        sector development; equally,  HSD concerns should be  a driving force
        behind strategy development and project selection in all fields.

4. The  Council calls on  the Commission and  the Member  States to   pursue
   these policy priorities and lines of action actively in the dialogue with
   developing countries, in the international fora and  in their cooperation
   with other  donors.   It also calls  on the  Commission to  report to the
   Council and  to the European Parliament, by the end  of 1998, on progress
   achieved in the implementation of the present resolution.


   GENDER ISSUES IN CRISIS PREVENTION, EMERGENCY OPERATIONS AND REHABILITATION -
 COUNCIL CONCLUSIONS

1.    The Council  recalls its previous discussions  on the issues of  gender
      and development  and, in particular, its  Resolution of December 95  on
      integrating gender  issues in  development cooperation, as  well as its
      Conclusions  of  May  1996   on  linking  relief,  rehabilitation   and
      development.

2.    The Council also recalls the Beijing Platform  for Action in particular
      Chapter IV E: Women and Armed Conflict.

3.    The   Council  views  the  integration  of   gender  issues  in  crisis
      prevention,  emergency  operations and  rehabilitation as  an important
      way  to  achieve  the objectives  and  goals  of Community  development
      cooperation policy.  The Council considers it  important to develop and
      implement  adequate  practical  strategies  in  accordance  with  these
      conclusions.

4.    Gender relations are culturally specific and socially  constructed, and
      therefore  can change  over time,  normally as  a  result of  long-term
      processes of modification in the  social, economic and cultural spheres
      of  societies.    Integrating a  gender  approach  and  aiming  at  the
      reduction of  gender disparities is a  crucial issue for all  long-term
      development  interventions,  in terms  of  both  aid effectiveness  and
      social justice.   Crisis situations can lead to rapid changes in gender
      relations, which  can reinforce or  challenge the traditional views  of
      women  and men,  sometimes creating opportunities  for positive changes
      and more  equality, and at other  times leading to more  discriminatory
      attitudes.

5.    Emergency assistance  should take into  account these issues, in  order
      to  avoid  relief  operations working  to  the  detriment of  long-term
      efforts aimed at  building more equitable gender  relations in society.
      Post-emergency   rehabilitation  interventions   should   address   the
      potential  for  positive changes  supporting  the  reduction of  gender
      disparities, promoting  further  gender equality  in the  reconstructed
      society. Gender issues  are a specific and important aspect  of ongoing
      efforts at linking relief, rehabilitation and development.

6.    Emergencies and  crises, whether  catalysed by natural  events or  not,
      are social phenomena. The social organization of  the affected areas is
      a  crucial determinant of  the impact of crisis  and of the capacity to
      respond  to  it,  and  gender  differences  and  differentials  are  an
      essential  factor to  consider  within  this framework.  Gender  is  an
      important  element in  effective planning and  implementation of crisis
      prevention, emergency and  rehabilitation interventions,  which should,
      where appropriate, address  the structural causes of problems. A gender
      analysis  of vulnerabilities can clarify for  example the links between
      vulnerability to crisis and poverty.

   
7.    A  gender  perspective  should  therefore  be  mainstreamed   into  all
      policies and  interventions dealing  with crisis  prevention, emergency
      responses and post-emergency rehabilitation, including  when addressing
      situations  of  armed   conflict.    Women  and   men  have   different
      vulnerabilities to crises and  different coping strategies, which  need
      to be  assessed through a comprehensive  gender analysis at all  stages
      of the process.  Special attention should  be given to gender-sensitive
      training of staff.

8.    Gender  analysis  should take  into  account women's  and men's  roles,
      responsibilities, rights, needs, access  to and control over  resources
      and  opportunities  for development,  and  participation  in  decision-
      making.   Overall, men  tend  to have more options  than women, as they
      have  often greater  access  to  and control  over  resources,  greater
      mobility and more decision-making  power; differences in education  and
      training  can   also  influence  the  capacity  to  respond  to  crisis
      situations.    Women  and  children have  specific  vulnerabilities  to
      crises,  including  physical   safety,  health,   adequate  access   to
      educational  and  economic opportunities.    Women  have also  specific
      capabilities  related  to  their  community  and  household  management
      roles,  which can  be  supported and  built  on in  crisis  prevention,
      emergency and post-emergency rehabilitation,  in order to develop  more
      appropriate and higher impact interventions.

9.    Early warning systems  and other related measures  to prevent emergency
      situations  developing should  incorporate a clear  and specific gender
      dimension.   Planning  and implementation of  emergency response should
      be undertaken in consultation  with both women and men of  the affected
      population.  Particular attention should be given  to women's and men's
      roles  and responsibilities  in the allocation  of resources, including
      in food  production and distribution;  women's role  in networking  and
      identifying  vulnerable households; the specific constraints of female-
      headed households; the patterns of disempowerment of women and  related
      factors, such  as gender-based violence; the increased responsibilities
      often conferred  upon women, which do  not necessarily bring with  them
      increased rights and opportunities.

10.   Emergency interventions and  rehabilitation operations based on  gender
      specific analysis should assure:

        -    the full respect of the  human rights of women  as well as  men,
             and in  particular the  protection of  women from  all forms  of
             violence and  the threat of  violence in the  refugee camps  and
             other emergency locations;

        -    appropriate   response   to  women's   specific  health   needs,
             including  sexual  and  reproductive  health  and  psychological
             well-being;

   
        -    equal  access  by  women  to  education,  training  and  income-
             generating  activities as  well as  resources and  opportunities
             for  development, with particular reference to the importance of
             these activities in the work of rehabilitation;

        -    the  promotion  of women's  participation in  decision-making on
             conflict  resolution, and of  their contribution to the creation
             of an environment conducive to peace.

11.   The  Council requests  the Commission  and the  Member  States to  take
      account of these  Conclusions, as appropriate, in the follow-up  to the
      May  96 Conclusions and December 1995  Resolution, including the review
      of  the progress  made  due for  the  second half  of  1997.   In  this
      context, the  Council  noted with  interest  the  holding on  4  and  5
      November 1996 of a  seminar on Gender and  Emergencies attended by  the
      Commission, NGOs, UN agencies and Gender experts.

12.   The Council invites the Commission, in accordance  with article 130x of
      the Treaty,  to  take  any useful  initiative  to promote  coordination
      between the Community and the Member States in this area.

   
FIGHT AGAINST ANTI-PERSONNEL LANDMINES - COUNCIL RESOLUTION

1. The Council recalls its conclusions on linking relief, rehabilitation and
   long term  development adopted on  28 May 1996  which highlighted, inter-
   alia, the  APL problem and emphasised the need to adopt an integrated and
   coordinated   approach,  in   particular  in   countries  where   relief,
   rehabilitation  and development programmes co-exist.   The problem of APL
   imposes enormous impediments  to emergency aid and to  rehabilitation and
   resumption  of development  in  countries  trying to  recover  from armed
   conflicts of various types. 

2. The Council also recalls  the commitments  of the Joint  Action on  anti-
   personnel land mines adopted on 1st October, in  which the European Union
   resolved to combat  and end the indiscriminate  use and spread throughout
   the world of anti-personnel landmines as well as to contribute to solving
   the problems already caused by these weapons. 

3. In addition to the  physical consequences relating to the actual presence
   of mines,  they  have a serious effect on the social  and economic fabric
   of the affected communities.  Furthermore, there is an enormous imbalance
   between the cost of producing  and laying mines and the cost of  clearing
   them.  The combination of  these factors requires both  social action and
   technological innovation,  and necessitates  treating mine  actions as  a
   mainstream  developmental as well  as a rehabilitation and  emergency aid
   issue.

4.  To achieve  these aims  through a more  integrated approach,  the Council
    recommends that attention should be concentrated on measures to: 

    - assist in  the establishment of  well trained  and equipped local  mine
      clearance   capacities  in   accordance  with   internationally  agreed
      standards once established;

    - foster and accelerate APL awareness campaigns, especially in schools;

    - sponsor  mine  clearance  operations,  with  priority  for  action   in
      humanitarian  emergency situations and  actions which are essential for
      the   implementation  of   vital  rehabilitation,   reconstruction  and
      development programmes;

    - provide assistance towards victims of APL;

    - reinforce capacities  for  identifying,  marking and,  where  feasible,
      closing off    mine  fields to  internationally  agreed standards  once
      established, where possible; 

    - support intensified  research and development  into more cost-effective
      and  appropriate mine  detection and clearing  technology and encourage
      its use for mine  clearance operations in  the difficult  circumstances
      which often prevail in the countries concerned. Wherever  possible, the
      benefits of this research should be made widely available;

    - encourage the  development of  a regional  approach  whenever this  can
      yield economies of  scale and make maximum use of skills, expertise and
      capacities available in the region.

5.  Except for humanitarian  situations,  research projects in  the APL field
    and activities  undertaken either  for the  direct benefit  of vulnerable
    communities  or for obtaining  access for relief  operations, the Council
    considers that funds for mine clearance interventions should be allocated
    to beneficiary countries whose authorities: 

    - cease further use of APL,

    - take steps to cease the trade, manufacture and stockpiling of APL,

    - undertake to support the proposed mine clearance interventions.

    and where there  exists a minimal level  of security and a  commitment to
    the achievement of social and political stability.

    The above  conditions will  apply, mutatis mutandis,  to operations  at a
    regional level, or  if appropriate, to operations  in parts of a  country
    which are considered safe. 

6.  The Council considers that in order to place APL action in the mainstream
    humanitarian aid, rehabilitation, reconstruction  and development agenda,
    the  following  guidelines should  be  applied when  considering specific
    proposals for projects :  

    - The project should be properly prioritised, appraised in  terms of cost
      effectiveness  and integrated  in the  global development  framework of
      the country or region in question.

    - The  project  should  be  clearly  integrated  within  a  national  APL
      programme coordinated  either by  the beneficiary  government or  by an
      existing international institution mandated for that purpose.

    - The aim should be for the project to  be taken over, in due course,  by
      the  beneficiary country  itself, in  order  to enhance  local capacity
      building and the sustainability of the project.

    - In  the  specific  area of  mine  clearance  operations, the  objective
      should  be  to provide  quantified  benefits in  at  least  one of  the
      following areas:

      =   reducing casualties;

      =   increasing economic activity;

      =  allowing the sustainable reintegration of refugees and the return of
         displaced   people   (through,   for   example,   the   opening   of
         communications and  availability of  accommodation and  agricultural
         land).

7.  In order to achieve improved coordination, the Council  recommends action
    along the following lines: 

    - at the global level,  initiatives to further the creation of a  broadly
      agreed international planning  strategy and information systems  taking
      account  of all  major  international  actors involved  in  this field,
      while recognizing the important role  of the Department of Humanitarian
      Affairs of the United  Nations Secretariat (UN-DHA) as the focal  point
      in the United Nations for coordinating de-mining and related issues,

    - at  the Community  level,  the creation  of  a specific  framework  for
      coordination  of development aspects of the APL  question, which should
      be based on the following elements: 

      =  the development of a GIS  (Geographical Information System) database
         which  will provide  a mechanism  for collating and  exchanging mine
         information and will  enhance planning and coordination  between the
         Commission,    Member  States,  and   the  international  community,
         including, in particular, the UN-DHA,

      =  in-country  coordination   between  Commission  Delegations,  Member
         States Representations,  host  nation authorities  and all  relevant
         agencies, fully respecting  the mandates of  competent international
         organizations,

      =  appropriate networking  and consultation  between Member  States and
         the Commission using the above management tools,


      =  testing of  these operational  coordination  mechanisms on  a  pilot
         basis.  In  view of  the great  interest shown  in tackling the  APL
         problem at  the EU-SADC Ministerial  meeting held in  Windhoek on 14
         and 15  October 1996, the  possibility of carrying  out this testing
         initially in the SADC region should be further explored.

8.  The Council requests the Commission to report to a Council meeting within
    two  years  on  the  progress  made  towards  the  introduction  of  this
    coordinated and integrated approach.

COHERENCE BETWEEN DIFFERENT COMMUNITY POLICIES 

In  response  to a  request from  the Danish  Minister  to the  Commission to
continue  work on  the  coherence between  the different  Community policies,
Commissioner  PINHEIRO  stated  the  Commission's  readiness  to   look  into
specific cases in which problems  of coherence have arisen and to inform  the
Council appropriately; he  mentioned the areas of fisheries and  migration as
possible subjects for pertinent reports in the coming months.

The incoming Dutch Presidency indicated  its intention to put this  item high
on the agenda of the Development Council in the first half of 1997.

OTHER BUSINESS

United Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS)
In view of the  June 1997 UNGASS which will  review the situation five  years
on  from  the  United  Nations  Conference  on  Environment  and  Development
(UNCED),  held in Rio  de Janeiro  in 1992, the  Council agreed,  following a
request from  the Danish  delegation, that  the European  Union's input  into
discussion at this Conference - as far as development aspects are concerned -
 will also be discussed by the Development Council.


OTHER DECISIONS 
(Adopted  without discussion. In the case of  legislative acts, votes against
and abstentions  are indicated.  Decisions including statements  to which the
Council has  decided to grant the  public access are indicated  by asterisks;
the statements in question may be obtained from the Press Office.)

Rehabilitation and reconstruction in developing countries *

After  the conclusion of the cooperation procedure (pursuant to article 189 C
(b) of the  Treaty), the Council adopted the regulation on rehabilitation and
reconstruction operations  in developing countries for  which it  had adopted
its common position on 29 January 1996.

It  is recalled that the countries to  benefit from rehabilitation operations
shall be the developing  countries of Africa, the Caribbean  and the Pacific,
the  Mediterranean, Latin America, Asia, as well as  the Caucasus and Central
Asia.

The  Community shall carry  out operations in the  above countries which have
suffered serious damage through war,  civil disorder or natural disaster with
priority given to the least developed among them.

The  operations,  of limited  duration  and  to  be launched  as  quickly  as
possible  without compromising  the quality  of  assessment, shall  cover the
intermediary phase  between humanitarian  aid and the  resumption of  medium-
term and  long-term development aid.   The actions  are designed to  help re-
establish  a  working  economy  and the  institutional  capacities  needed to
restore social and political  stability to the countries  concerned and  meet
the needs of the people affected as  a whole. They must in particular  permit
refugees, displaced persons and  demobilized troops to return  home and  must
help  the entire population to resume normal civilian lift in their countries
and regions of origin.

The Commission  is  charged  with implementing  operations  covered  by  this
regulation.  It  will be  assisted  by a  committee  of  representatives from
Member States; for  decisions relating to grants of more  than 2 MECU it will
have to  act in  accordance with the  opinion of the  committee (type  IIIa -
regulatory committee procedure).


Development cooperation with South Africa

Following the  conclusion of  the cooperation  procedure the Council  adopted
the  regulation  on  development  cooperation  with  South  Africa  which  is
identical to its common position adopted on 19 March 1996.

It  is  recalled  that  this  regulation provides  the  legal  basis  for the
implementation of  financial and  technical cooperation with  South Africa to
support the policies and reforms carried out by its national authorities.

The  Community will  act in  the  framework of  the  "European programme  for
Reconstruction and  Development in South  Africa" which aims at  contributing
to South Africa's harmonious and sustainable economic and  social development
and to consolidate the foundations laid  for a democratic society and a State
governed by the rule law  in which human rights and  fundamental freedoms are
respected.   Priority shall  be given  to supporting operations  to help  the
poorest sections of the population in South Africa.

The  operations  shall  mainly  concern  the  following  areas:  support  for
democratization  and the protection of human  rights, education and training,
health, rural development,  urban development and social housing,  support of
the cooperation  with the  private sector,  and in particular  for small  and
medium-sized enterprises, strengthening  of institutions and the organization
of local communities,  regional cooperation and integration and protection of
the  environment.   Cooperation partners  shall be  national, provincial  and
local  authorities   and  public   bodies,  non-governmental   organizations,
community-based, regional and international organizations.

The  financial reference amount for the implementation  of the regulation for
the period from 1 January 1996 to 31 December 1999 shall be 500 MECU.

The Commission shall be  responsible for  implementing operations covered  by
the  regulation.   It  will   be  assisted   by  a   committee  composed   of
representatives of Member States;  for decisions relating to  grants of  more
than 2  MECU the Commission will  act in  accordance with the opinion  of the
committee (type IIIa - regulatory committee procedure).  

North-South cooperation in the campaign against drugs and drug addiction

The  Council  adopted a  common  position concerning  a  draft  regulation on
North-South cooperation in the campaign against drugs and drug addiction.

The  aim  of  the  regulation  is  for the  European  Community,  within  the
framework of its development cooperation  policy, and taking into account the
harmful effects of  production, trading and consumption of drugs to carry out
cooperation  activities  in  the  fields  of  drugs  and  drug  addiction  in
developing  countries,  giving  priority  to  those which  have  demonstrated
political will at the highest level to solve their drug problem. 


The financial  reference  amount  for the  implementation  of  the  programme
during the period 1998-2000 shall be 30 MECU.

The  Commission  will  be  responsible  for  the  implementing of  operations
covered by the  regulation.  It will  be assisted by a committee  composed of
representatives of Member States;  for decisions relating to  grants of  more
than  2 MECU  the Commission will act  in accordance with  the opinion of the
committee (type IIIa - regulatory committee procedure).

As the regulation  is based on  the Treaty's article 189  C (b)  (cooperation
procedure) the text will be forwarded to the European Parliament.

Aid for population policies and programmes in developing countries

The  Council  adopted  the  common  position  on  a  regulation  on  aid  for
population  policies and  programmes in  developing  countries which  will be
forwarded  to  the  European  Parliament  under  the  cooperation   procedure
pursuant to article 189 C (b) of the Treaty.

The  purpose of this regulation  is to create a  legal basis for implementing
budgetary appropriations for the  financing by the Community  of measures  in
the area of  population policies and programmes in developing countries.  The
main objective will  be to enable women and  men to choose freely  the number
of children  they wish, to prevent  sexual abuse and violence  (especially of
women),  to improve  health treatment in  order to reduce  health dangers for
women and children, to prevent sexually transmitted diseases, etc.

The  activities supported  by the  Community  shall cover  in  particular the
following areas: improvement of reproductive health policies and  programmes,
family planning,  information and  education on  these  matters including  in
particular  on reliable and  legal contraceptive means.   It will be assisted
by a committee composed  of representatives of Member  States; for  decisions
relating to grants of more than 2  MECU the Commission will act in accordance
with  the  opinion  of  the  committee  (type  IIIa  -  regulatory  committee
procedure).

The financial reference amount for the period 1998-2002 will be of 35 MECU.


Evaluation of humanitarian assistance

The  Council  adopted   the  following  conclusions  on  the   evaluation  of
humanitarian asssitance:

"The   Council   requests,   with  reference   to   the   Council's  approval
1st June 1995  of the  text  concerning the  procedures and  organization  to
apply  to the evaluation of the European  Union's development instruments and
programmes [2]  , that  an evaluation  of  EU's humanitarian  aid  during the
period 1st  January 1991 to  30th June 1996  be  carried out  immediately  in
accordance with the approved procedures.

The evaluation,  which will  form part  of the  second phase  of the  ongoing
evaluation of  the European  Union's development  instruments and  programmes
and which will be prepared  according to the same guidelines  (annex V to the
minutes of the 1849th meeting  of the Council (Development)),  will form  the
basis  for  the evaluation  which  the Commission,  according  to  art. 20 of
Regulation  no. 1257/96  of 20th June 1996  concerning  humanitarian  aid  in
1999, shall submit to  the European Parliament and to  the Council concerning
the measures financed by the community under the regulation.

When organizing the evaluation, the expected report of  the Court of Auditors
concerning   the  European  Union's  humanitarian  aid  will  be  taken  into
account."

[1]   Statement  by   Denmark  concerning   the  Council   decision  on   the
      implementation of the EU Joint Action on the Great Lakes Region

    In accordance  with Section  C of the  decision adopted  at the  European
    Council  held  in  Edinburgh on  11-12  December 1992,  Denmark  does not
    participate in the  elaboration and the  implementation of decisions  and
    actions of the Union which have defence implications.

    The Danish government  has decided that Denmark  does not participate  in
    the Council decision  requesting the WEU to  elaborate and implement  the
    action of the Union in the Great Lakes Region.

    In accordance with  the Edinburgh decision Denmark  will not prevent  the
    development  of closer cooperation  between Member  States in  this area.
    Accordingly, the position  indicated does not prevent the adoption of the
    Council decision.

[2]      In this framework,  the Council  recalls that  a similar  evaluation
         should be carried out on officíal  development assistance programmes
         other than EDF, MED and ALA.

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