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Brussels, 14 December 2011

EU development cooperation with South Sudan

Following the signature of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in 2005, after a 15 year suspension, the EU resumed development cooperation with Sudan. Since then the EU has committed development assistance of over €665 million (through the European Development Fund, or EDF, and various budget lines), of which almost half has been dedicated to South Sudan.

Financial assistance to South Sudan has focused in particular on agriculture and food security, education, stabilisation, security and human rights:

  • Allocations of €48 million for education and food security are implemented through the Multi Donor Trust Fund managed by the World Bank.

  • Another source of assistance to South Sudan is the Stabilisation of Export Earnings (STABEX) programmes, which support the recovery of the rural sector at federal, state and community levels.

  • An Instrument for Stability (IfS) decision (€15 million) aims at delivering of “peace dividends” in the form of basic services to the population of South Sudan and has given specific support to the referendum process. A second IfS has been adopted in 2011 for another €18 million to support conflict prevention, peace building and stabilization efforts, especially in the border areas with Sudan.

  • Finally, South Sudan has also benefited from EU financing through the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI) programme on food security, support to non-state actors and the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR).

Since it only gained independence in 2011, South Sudan is not yet a signatory to the Cotonou Agreement, which in practice means that it does not have access to financial assistance under the 10th EDF. However, EU Member States decided to bridge this current funding gap with an ad-hoc allocation from unused money of the 9th and previous EDFs: In June 2010, the EU allocated €150 million to help the most vulnerable population in (North) Sudan and South Sudan (Special Funds for Sudan – SFS). Through this envelope, South Sudan will benefit from an allocation split between democratic governance (€20 million), food security/agriculture development (€20 million) and education and health (€11.5 million each).

On 23 May 2011, the EU decided to allocate another €200 million from 9th and previous EDFs to support the implementation of the three‑year Southern Sudan Development Plan (2011 to 2013). These EU funds are being programmed together with additional financial assistance from EU Member States. This EU and EU Member States "joint programming" exercise for South Sudan will focus on agriculture/food security, education, health, rule of law and water. South Sudan is one of two pilot countries where initial 'joint programming' programmes are taking place.

In agriculture, EU support has focused on:

  • improving the capacity of key South Sudanese institutions to enable them to implement their own food security policy. This includes support to an information-based decision-making system that provides advice on food security policy and strategy to the government of South Sudan;

  • delivery of training programmes to introduce rural smallholders to modern agriculture techniques, as well as support to increase productivity and income by improving control of diseases, use of pesticides, and providing enhanced seeds.

For more information

IP/11/1535 – South Sudan: EU announces priority support to agriculture and food security

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