European Union

Stratégie Globale de l'Union Européenne


A Global Strategy for the European Union

The EU Global Strategy sets out the EU's core interests and principles for engaging in the world. It explains what the EU stands for and hopes to achieve in the world. A strategy will give the Union a collective sense of direction. We need to act united on the world stage to keep citizens safe, preserve our interests and uphold our values.

The strategic environment of the EU has changed dramatically over the past years. Challenges to our security today need a response that combines aspects of internal and external policies. The strategy will help us to be more effective in tackling challenges such as energy security, migration, climate change, terrorism and hybrid warfare. We need to stand together internally on security and defence and take responsibility in our surrounding regions to promote resilience and to address conflicts and crises.

None of our countries has the strength nor the resources to address the threats and seize the opportunities of our time alone. As a Union of almost half a billion citizens, our potential to contribute to peace and security in our region and in the whole world is unparalleled. The EU Global Strategy will guide us in our daily work towards a Union that truly meets its citizens’ needs, hopes and aspirations. To ensure that a wide range  of views are included, the EU Global Strategy builds on input from numerous events, comments and analysis.

/globalstrategy/fr/file/eugsreviewwebpdf-8Shared Vision, Common Action: A Stronger Europe


Lire l'Avant-propos ici français (fr) et la Synthèse ici français (fr)

Lesen Sie das Vorwort  hier Deutsch (de) und die Zusammenfassung  hier Deutsch (de)


Pourquoi une nouvelle stratégie ?

Le monde d’aujourd’hui est connecté, contesté et complexe.  Ceci fait notre environnement global plus imprévisible, créant un climat d’instabilité et d'ambiguïté, mais qui offre aussi  de nouvelles opportunités. Dans le voisinage de l'Union de Européenne une série de crises simultanées et accrues ont conduit à un arc d'instabilité.

Cette situation aura des implications pour l’Union et pour le reste du Monde dans les années à venir. L’Union Européenne a besoin d’un nouveau regard sur cet environnement  incertain, dans lequel les opportunités et les défis coexistent.

Une Stratégie Globale de l’UE sur la Politique Etrangère et de Sécurité permettra à l’Union d’identifier tout un ensemble d’objectifs clairs et de priorités dans le présent et dans le futur. Sur cette base, l’Union Européenne peut aligner ses outils et instruments pour assurer le plus grand impact possible. Cela aidera à promouvoir globalement les intérêts de l'EU et à garantir notre sécurité interne et externe.

A more connected world

Globalisation shapes our world for good and ill. It has given rise to an unprecedented degree of global connectivity and surges in human mobility. This has an impact on issues including migration, citizenship, development and health. On-line connectivity opens opportunities for political participation and business, but also for economic and financial crime, terrorism and trafficking. Markets are increasingly connected. Greater connectivity in Europe was highlighted by the Eurozone crisis. It shows how deeply linked we are and that we need to tackle economic problems together through deeper integration.

A more contested world

Nation states are under unprecedented strain. Fragile states and ungoverned spaces are spreading. Ideology, identity and geo-political ambitions drive tensions that can lead to instability and violence. To the East, the EU’s neighbours are vulnerable through economic, political and energy supply fragilities. In North Africa and the Middle East, ungoverned spaces enable criminals and terrorists to thrive. In Europe and beyond, new narratives challenge democratic values. Demographic trends, climate change and growing inequalities also threaten more tensions, while the rapid development of new technologies is changing the nature of conflict.

A more complex world

Global power shifts and power diffusion bring an end to single power dominance. Around the world, emerging powers are rising in global rankings; different regions display different configurations of power. Globally, power is spreading beyond the nation state towards a network of state, non-state, inter-state and transnational actors. Traditional multilateralism faces a delicate challenge: emerging countries want to reform the post-World War II architecture – yet opposing existing global governance mechanisms has been easier than creating new ones.

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