European Union

Spearheading European Defence

Spearheading European Defence

Anne Bakker, Margriet Drent, Lennart Landman & Sven Biscop
Clingendael

Although all member states share the assessment that a more credible role for the EU in security and defence requires more cooperation, not all of them are willing to act on it. Therefore, flexible formats of groups of countries that choose to work together more closely or on a faster time scale are inescapable.