In many parts of the world, the simple fact of being born a girl will already put you at a disadvantage. Many women experience discrimination throughout their lives, for example by being kept out of school as girls, by not being able to find decently paid jobs when they grow up, not being able to access basic health services for themselves and their children, and by being denied their right to social protection and inheritance in old age. Yet give girls the same access to education as boys, and women the same resources and opportunities as men, and the whole community will benefit. This is especially important in poorer countries and communities, where women are often the backbone of economic life. Battling gender discrimination isn’t just morally right – it’s economically smart as well.