The 3 main institutions of the EU are each headed by a president.
Term: July 2019 - December 2021
Elected by: Members of the European Parliament
Term: December 2019 - May 2022
Appointed by: national leaders (heads of state or government of EU countries).
Term: December 2019 - October 2024
Appointed by: national leaders (heads of state or government of EU countries), with the approval of the European Parliament.
The Council of the EU - where national ministers discuss EU legislation - doesn't have a permanent, single-person president. Its work is led by the country holding the Council presidency, which rotates every 6 months. For example, representatives from the presidency country chair its meetings.
Through its Spitzenkandidaten process, Europe has brought EU Commission presidency elections out from behind closed doors, placing power in the hands of citizens.
You've probably seen the President of the European Parliament on the news, but people always want to know more about the role. How does someone even become President? What are the President's responsibilities? How does the presidential elections relate to your vote?