Spain takes over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union. The euro coins and notes enter into circulation in the twelve participating Member States: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain.
The European Parliament elects Mr Pat Cox as its president.
The euro becomes the sole currency within the twelve participating Member States, as the period of dual circulation comes to an end. The opening session of the Convention on the Future of Europe is held in Brussels.
A European Council is held in Barcelona, Spain. The Council focuses on economic, social and environmental issues, and gives priority to the interconnection of the European economies at the level of financial markets and energy, transport and communications networks, urging the speedy adoption of legislation for the opening of markets to this end.
GALILEO, Europe's satellite navigation and positioning system, is launched.
The European Commission publishes a Green Paper on a Community return policy on illegal residents.
The European Commission publishes a Green Paper on alternative dispute resolution in civil and commercial law.
The EU and Algeria sign an Association Agreement in Valencia, Spain.
The European Commission adopts a proposal to combat Cybercrime.
An EU-Canada summit is held in Toledo, Spain.
An EU-Latin America-Caribbean summit is held in Madrid, Spain.
An EU-Mexico summit is held in Madrid, Spain.
An EU-Russia summit is held in Moscow.
The European Union ratifies the Kyoto Protocol.
The EU and Lebanon sign an Association Agreement in Luxembourg.
A European Council is held in Seville, Spain.
An EU-Ukraine summit is held in Copenhagen, Denmark.
An EU-Japan summit is held in Tokyo.
The Treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) expires after fifty years.
An EU-China summit is held in Copenhagen, Denmark.
An EU-Republic of Korea summit is held in Copenhagen, Denmark.
The first European Day of Languages is celebrated.
The European Commission recommends the conclusion of accession negotiations by the end of the 2002 with the following countries: Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, the Slovak Republic and Slovenia. The Commission considers that these countries will be ready for EU membership from the beginning of 2004.
An EU-India summit is held in Copenhagen, Denmark.
In a second referendum, the Irish people vote in favour of the Treaty of Nice.
A European Council is held in Brussels, Belgium.
An EU-Russia summit takes place in Brussels, Belgium.
An EU-Chile Association Agreement is signed in Brussels, Belgium.
A European Council is held in Copenhagen, Denmark.
An EU-Canada summit is held in Ottawa, Canada.