European Union

EU member countries in brief

EU member countries in brief

AustriaAustria

EU member country since: 1 January 1995

Capital: Vienna

Currency: euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 1999

Schengen: Schengen area member since 1 December 2007

BelgiumBelgium

EU member country since: 1 January 1958

Capital: Brussels

Currency: euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 1999

Schengen: Schengen area member since 26 March 1995

BulgariaBulgaria

EU member country since: 1 January 2007

Capital: Sofia

Currency: Bulgarian lev BGN

Schengen: not a member of the Schengen area

CroatiaCroatia

EU member country since: 1 July 2013

Capital: Zagreb

Currency: Croatian Kuna HRK

Schengen: not a member of the Schengen area

CyprusCyprus

EU member country since: 1 May 2004

Capital: Nicosia

Currency: euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 2008

Schengen: not a member of the Schengen area

Czech RepublicCzech Republic

EU member country since: 1 May 2004

Capital: Prague

Currency: Czech koruna (CZK)

Schengen: Schengen area member since 21 December 2007

DenmarkDenmark

EU member country since: 1 January 1973

Capital: Copenhagen

Currency: Danish krone DKK

Schengen: Schengen area member since 25 March 2001

EstoniaEstonia

EU member country since: 1 May 2004

Capital: Tallinn

Currency: euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 2011

Schengen: Schengen area member since 21 December 2007

FinlandFinland

EU member country: since 1 January 1995

Capital: Helsinki

Currency: euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 1999

Schengen: Schengen area member since 25 March 2001

FranceFrance

EU member country since: 1 January 1958

Capital: Paris

Currency: euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 1999

Schengen: Schengen area member since 26 March 1995

GermanyGermany

EU member country since: 1 January 1958

Capital: Berlin

Currency: euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 1999

Schengen: Schengen area member since 26 March 1995

GreeceGreece

EU member country since: 1 January 1981

Capital: Athens

Currency: euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 2001

Schengen: Schengen area member since 1 January 2000

HungaryHungary

EU member country since: 1 May 2004

Capital: Budapest

Currency: Hungarian Forint HUF

Schengen: Schengen area member since 21 December 2007

IrelandIreland

EU member country since 1 January 1973

Capital: Dublin

Currency: euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 1999

Schengen: not a member of the Schengen area

ItalyItaly

EU member country since: 1 January 1958

Capital: Rome

Currency: euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 1999

Schengen: Schengen area member since 26 October 1997

LatviaLatvia

EU member country since: 1 May 2004

Capital: Riga

Currency: euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 2014

Schengen: Schengen area member since 21 December 2007

Lithuania

EU member country since: 1 May 2004

Capital: Vilnius

Currency: euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 2015

Schengen: Schengen area member since 21 December 2007

LuxembourgLuxembourg

EU member country since: 1 January 1958

Capital: Luxembourg

Currency: euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 1999

Schengen: Schengen area member since 26 March 1995

MaltaMalta

EU member country: since 1 May 2004

Capital: Valletta

Currency: euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 2008

Schengen: Schengen area member since 21 December 2007

NetherlandsNetherlands

EU member country: since 1 January 1958

Capital: Amsterdam

Currency: Euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 1999

Schengen: Schengen area member since 26 March 1995

PolandPoland

EU member country: since 1 May 2004

Capital: Warsaw

Currency: Polish Złoty PLN

Schengen: Schengen area member since 21 December 2007

PortugalPortugal

EU member country: since 1 January 1986

Capital: Lisbon

Currency: euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 1999

Schengen: Schengen area member since 26 March 1995

RomaniaRomania

EU member country: since 1 January 2007

Capital: Bucharest

Currency: Romanian Leu RON

Schengen: not a member of the Schengen area

SlovakiaSlovakia

EU member country: since 1 May 2004

Capital: Bratislava

Currency: euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 2009

Schengen: Schengen area member since 21 December 2007

SloveniaSlovenia

EU member country: since 1 May 2004

Capital: Ljubljana

Currency: euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 2007

Schengen: Schengen area member since 21 December 2007

SpainSpain

EU member country: since 1 January 1986

Capital: Madrid

Currency: euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 1999

Schengen: Schengen area member since 26 March 1995

SwedenSweden

EU member country: since 1 January 1995

Capital: Stockholm

Currency: Swedish krona SEK

Schengen: Schengen area member since 25 March 2001

United KingdomUnited Kingdom

EU member country: since 1 January 1973 - More information on Brexit

Capital: London

Currency: pound sterling GBP

Schengen: not a member of the Schengen area

More about EU member countries and other European countries