European Union





Geographical size: 

41 542 km²


16 979 120 (2016)

Population as % of total EU: 

3.3 % (2016)

Gross domestic product (GDP): 

€ 697.219 billion (2016)

Official EU language(s): 


Political system: 

parliamentary constitutional monarchy

Seats in the European Parliament: 



Euro. Member of the eurozone since 1 January 1999

Schengen area member: 

Yes, Schengen Area member since 26 March 1995.

EU member country since: 

1 January 1958

Presidency of the Council: 

The following link is a redirection to an external websitecurrent presidency of the Council of the EU - Dates of Dutch presidencies

The Netherlands is a low-lying country with around a quarter of its territory at or below sea level. Many parts of the Netherlands are protected from flooding by dykes and sea walls and much of the land has been reclaimed from the sea. The Netherlands has a long coastline with the North Sea and borders Belgium to the south and Germany to the east.

The most important sectors of the Netherlands’ economy in 2015 were public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (21.8 %), wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (21.0 %) and industry (15.4 %).

The Netherlands’ main export partners are Germany, Belgium and the UK, while its main import partners are Germany, China and Belgium.

The Netherlands in the EU

European Parliament

There are 26 members of the European Parliament from the Netherlands. Find out who these MEPs are.

European Parliament office in the Netherlands

Council of the EU

In the Council of the EU, national ministers meet regularly to adopt EU laws and coordinate policies. Council meetings are regularly attended by representatives from the Dutch government, depending on the policy area being addressed.

Presidency of the Council of the EU

The Council of the EU doesn't have a permanent, single-person president (like e.g. the Commission or Parliament). Instead, its work is led by the country holding the Council presidency, which rotates every 6 months.

During these 6 months, ministers from that country's government chair and help determine the agenda of Council meetings in each policy area, and facilitate dialogue with the other EU institutions.

Dates of Dutch presidencies:

Jul-Dec 1960 | Jul-Dec 1963 | Jul-Dec 1966 | Jul-Dec 1969 | Jul-Dec 1972 | Jul-Dec 1976 | Jan-Jun 1981 | Jan-Jun 1986 | Jul-Dec 1991 | Jan-Jun 1997 | Jul-Dec 2004 | Jan-Jun 2016

Presidency of the Council of the EU.

European Commission

The Commissioner nominated by the Netherlands to the European Commission is Frans Timmermans, who is First Vice-President, in charge of Better Regulation, Inter-institutional Relations, the Rule of Law and the Charter of Fundamental Rights.

The Commission is represented in each EU country by a local office, called a "representation".

Commission representation in the Netherlands

European Economic & Social Committee

The Netherlands has 12 representatives on the European Economic and Social Committee. This advisory body – representing employers, workers and other interest groups – is consulted on proposed laws, to get a better idea of the possible changes to work and social situations in member countries.

European Committee of the Regions

The Netherlands has 12 representatives on the European Committee of the Regions, the EU's assembly of regional and local representatives. This advisory body is consulted on proposed laws, to ensure these laws take account of the perspective from each region of the EU.

Permanent representation to the EU

The Netherlands also communicates with the EU institutions through its permanent representation in Brussels. As the Netherlands' "embassy to the EU", its main task is to ensure that the country's interests and policies are pursued as effectively as possible in the EU.

Budgets and Funding

How much does the Netherlands contribute and receive?

Member countries' financial contributions to the EU budget are shared fairly, according to means. The larger your country's economy, the more it pays – and vice versa. The EU budget doesn't aim to redistribute wealth, but rather to focus on the needs of all Europeans as a whole.

Breakdown of the Netherlands’ finances with the EU in 2014:

  • Total EU spending in the Netherlands: € 2.359 billion
  • Total EU spending as % of Dutch gross national income (GNI): 0.35 %
  • Total Dutch contribution to the EU budget: € 5.759 billion
  • Dutch contribution to the EU budget as % of its GNI: 0.85 %

More figures on the EU budget, revenue and spending:

EU-funded projects in the Netherlands

The money paid into the EU budget by the Netherlands helps fund programmes and projects in all EU countries - like building roads, subsidising researchers and protecting the environment.

Find out more about how the Netherlands benefits from EU funding.

Practical information

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