European Union



Flag of Hungary

Political system

Hungary is a parliamentary republic with a head of government - the prime minister - who exercises executive power and a head of state - the president - whose primary responsibilities are representative. Hungary is divided into 19 counties, Budapest, and 23 cities with county-level authority. Location on the EU map

Trade and economy

The most important sectors of Hungary’s economy in 2016 were industry (27.0 %), wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (18.9 %) and public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (17.8 %).

Intra-EU trade accounts for 81% of Hungary’s exports (Germany 28%, Romania, Slovakia, Austria and Italy all 5%), outside the EU 3% go to the United States and 2% to Turkey.

In terms of imports, 78% come from EU Member States (Germany 26%, Austria 6% and Poland and Slovakia 5%), while outside the EU 6% come from China and 3% from Russia.

Hungary in the EU

European Parliament

There are 21 members of the European Parliament from Hungary. Find out who these MEPs are.

European Parliament office in Hungary

Council of the EU

In the Council of the EU, national ministers meet regularly to adopt EU laws and coordinate policies. Council meetings are regularly attended by representatives from the Hungarian government, depending on the policy area being addressed.

Presidency of the Council of the EU

The Council of the EU doesn't have a permanent, single-person president (like e.g. the Commission or Parliament). Instead, its work is led by the country holding the Council presidency, which rotates every 6 months.

During these 6 months, ministers from that country's government chair and help determine the agenda of Council meetings in each policy area, and facilitate dialogue with the other EU institutions.

Dates of Hungarian presidencies:

Jan-Jun 2011

Presidency of the Council of the EU

The following link is a redirection to an external websiteCurrent presidency of the Council of the EU

European Commission

The Commissioner nominated by Hungary to the European Commission is Tibor Navracsics, who is responsible for Education, Culture, Youth and Sport.

The Commission is represented in each EU country by a local office, called a "representation".

Commission representation in Hungary

European Economic & Social Committee

Hungary has 12 representatives on the European Economic and Social Committee. This advisory body – representing employers, workers and other interest groups – is consulted on proposed laws, to get a better idea of the possible changes to work and social situations in member countries.

European Committee of the Regions

Hungary has 12 representatives on the European Committee of the Regions, the EU's assembly of regional and local representatives. This advisory body is consulted on proposed laws, to ensure these laws take account of the perspective from each region of the EU.

Permanent representation to the EU

Hungary also communicates with the EU institutions through its permanent representation in Brussels. As Hungary's "embassy to the EU", its main task is to ensure that the country's interests and policies are pursued as effectively as possible in the EU.

Budgets and Funding

How much does Hungary contribute and receive?

Member countries' financial contributions to the EU budget are shared fairly, according to means. The larger your country's economy, the more it pays – and vice versa. The EU budget doesn't aim to redistribute wealth, but rather to focus on the needs of all Europeans as a whole. 

Breakdown of Hungary’s finances with the EU in 2016: 

  • Total EU spending in Hungary: € 4.546 billion
  • Total EU spending as % of Hungarian gross national income (GNI): 4.19 %
  • Total Hungarian contribution to the EU budget: € 0.924 billion
  • Hungarian contribution to the EU budget as % of its GNI: 0.85 % 

More figures on the EU budget, revenue and spending:

EU-funded projects in Hungary 

The money paid into the EU budget by Hungary helps fund programmes and projects in all EU countries - like building roads, subsidising researchers and protecting the environment.

Find out more about how Hungary benefits from EU funding.

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