European Union

Czech Republic

Overview

Flag of Czech Republic

Political system

The Czech Republic is a parliamentary republic with a head of government - the prime minister - and a head of state - the president. The country was formed in 1993, after Czechoslovakia was split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The country is now divided into 14 regions, including the capital, Prague. Location on the EU map

Trade and economy

The most important sectors of the Czech Republic’s economy in 2016 were industry (32.1 %), wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (18.6 %) and public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (14.7 %).

Intra-EU trade accounts for 84% of the Czech Republic’s exports (Germany 32%, Slovakia 8% and Poland 6%), while outside the EU 2% goes to both the United States and Russia.

In terms of imports, 79% come from EU Member States (Germany 31%, Poland 10% and Slovakia 6%), while outside the EU 7% come from China and 2% from South Korea.

The Czech Republic in the EU

European Parliament

There are 21 members of the European Parliament from the Czech Republic. Find out who these MEPs are.

European Parliament office in the Czech Republic

Council of the EU

In the Council of the EU, national ministers meet regularly to adopt EU laws and coordinate policies. Council meetings are regularly attended by representatives from the Czech Republic's government, depending on the policy area being addressed.

Presidency of the Council of the EU

The Council of the EU doesn't have a permanent, single-person president (like e.g. the Commission or Parliament). Instead, its work is led by the country holding the Council presidency, which rotates every 6 months.

During these 6 months, ministers from that country's government chair and help determine the agenda of Council meetings in each policy area, and facilitate dialogue with the other EU institutions.

Dates of the Czech Republic’s presidencies:

Jan-Jun 2009

Presidency of the Council of the EU

The following link is a redirection to an external websiteCurrent presidency of the Council of the EU

European Commission

The Commissioner nominated by the Czech Republic to the European Commission is Vĕra Jourová, who is responsible for Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality.

The Commission is represented in each EU country by a local office, called a "representation".

Commission representation in the Czech Republic

European Economic & Social Committee

The Czech Republic has 12 representatives on the European Economic and Social Committee. This advisory body – representing employers, workers and other interest groups – is consulted on proposed laws, to get a better idea of the possible changes to work and social situations in member countries.

European Committee of the Regions

The Czech Republic has 12 representatives on the European Committee of the Regions, the EU's assembly of regional and local representatives. This advisory body is consulted on proposed laws, to ensure these laws take account of the perspective from each region of the EU.

Permanent representation to the EU

The Czech Republic also communicates with the EU institutions through its permanent representation in Brussels. As Czech Republic's "embassy to the EU", its main task is to ensure that the country's interests and policies are pursued as effectively as possible in the EU.

Budgets and Funding

How much does the Czech Republic contribute and receive?

Member countries' financial contributions to the EU budget are shared fairly, according to means. The larger your country's economy, the more it pays – and vice versa. The EU budget doesn't aim to redistribute wealth, but rather to focus on the needs of all Europeans as a whole.

Breakdown of the Czech Republic's finances with the EU in 2016:

  • Total EU spending in the Czech Republic: € 4.690 billion
  • Total EU spending as % of the Czech Republic’s gross national income (GNI): 2.86 %
  • Total Czech contribution to the EU budget: € 1.361 billion
  • Czech contribution to the EU budget as % of its GNI: 0.83 %

More figures on the EU budget, revenue and spending:

EU-funded projects in the Czech Republic

The money paid into the EU budget by Czech Republic helps fund programmes and projects in all EU countries - like building roads, subsidising researchers and protecting the environment.

Find out more about how the Czech Republic benefits from EU funding.

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