European Union

Croatia

Overview

Flag of Croatia

Political system

Croatia is a parliamentary republic in which the head of government - the prime minister - and the head of state - the president - represent the executive power and the state at home and abroad. The government structure is based on separation of legislative, executive and judicial powers. The Parliament holds legislative power and also controls the executive. Its members are elected for 4 years.

Location on the EU map

Trade and economy

The most important sectors of Croatia’s economy in 2016 were wholesale and retail trade, transport, accommodation and food services (22.5 %), industry (21.2 %) and public administration, defence, education, human health and social work activities (14.9 %).

Intra-EU trade accounts for 66% of Croatia’s exports (Italy 14%, Slovenia 12% and Germany 12%), while outside the EU 9% go to Bosnia & Herzegovina and 4% to Serbia.

In terms of imports, 77% come from EU Member States (16% Germany, Italy 12% and Slovenia 11%), while outside the EU 3% come from both Bosnia & Herzegovina and China.

Croatia in the EU

European Parliament

There are 11 members of the European Parliament from Croatia. Find out who these MEPs are.

European Parliament office in Croatia

Council of the EU

In the Council of the EU, national ministers meet regularly to adopt EU laws and coordinate policies. Council meetings are regularly attended by representatives from the Croatian government, depending on the policy area being addressed.

Presidency of the Council of the EU

The Council of the EU doesn't have a permanent, single-person president (like e.g. the Commission or Parliament). Instead, its work is led by the country holding the Council presidency, which rotates every 6 months.

During these 6 months, ministers from that country's government chair and help determine the agenda of Council meetings in each policy area, and facilitate dialogue with the other EU institutions.

Dates of Croatian Presidencies:

Jan-Jun 2020

Presidency of the Council of the EU

The following link is a redirection to an external websiteCurrent presidency of the Council of the EU

European Commission

The Commissioner nominated by Croatia to the European Commission is Neven Mimica, who is responsible for International Cooperation and Development.

The Commission is represented in each EU country by a local office, called a "representation".

Commission representation in Croatia

European Economic & Social Committee

Croatia has 9 representatives on the European Economic and Social Committee. This advisory body – representing employers, workers and other interest groups – is consulted on proposed laws, to get a better idea of the possible changes to work and social situations in member countries.

European Committee of the Regions

Croatia has 9 representatives on the European Committee of the Regions, the EU's assembly of regional and local representatives. This advisory body is consulted on proposed laws, to ensure these laws take account of the perspective from each region of the EU.

Permanent representation to the EU

Croatia also communicates with the EU institutions through its permanent representation in Brussels. As Croatia's "embassy to the EU", its main task is to ensure that the country's interests and policies are pursued as effectively as possible in the EU.

Budgets and Funding

How much does Croatia contribute and receive?

Member countries' financial contributions to the EU budget are shared fairly, according to means. The larger your country's economy, the more it pays – and vice versa. The EU budget doesn't aim to redistribute wealth, but rather to focus on the needs of all Europeans as a whole. 

Breakdown of Croatia’s finances with the EU in 2017: 

  • Total EU spending in Croatia: € 0.663 billion
  • Total EU spending as % of Croatian gross national income (GNI): 1.41 %
  • Total Croatian contribution to the EU budget: € 0.359 billion
  • Croatian contribution to the EU budget as % of its GNI: 0.76 % 

More figures on the EU budget, revenue and spending:

EU-funded projects in Croatia 

Find out more about how Croatia benefits from EU funding.

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