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1.4 The Environmental Analysis
The Environmental analysis helps answering the framing question:
- Is the value chain environmentally sustainable?
The method selected to evaluate the environmental sustainability of a value chain is the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). Over the last decades, it has been normalised, promoted and used by various public and private actors. The upper level reference for this methodology is given by two ISO norms (ISO 14040:2006 and 14044:2006).
Analysis should point to stages and activities with major impact on the areas of protection. In order to help decisionmakers, it should stress comparison between the results of the different sub-value chains or types of production systems so that it sheds light on the “least harmful” ways of producing for the environment.
Experts will use the software Simapro (or equivalents) for the calculations and as a basis for the environmental analysis. The experts will reply to the following framing question and related core questions.
Framing Question 4:
Is the VC environmentally sustainable?
CQ4.1. What is the potential impact of the VC on human health?
CQ4.2. What is the potential impact of the VC on resources depletion?
CQ4.3. What is the potential impact of VC on ecosystem quality?