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1.3 The Social Analysis
The social analysis helps answering the two framing questions:
- Is the VC economic growth inclusive?
- Is the value chain socially sustainable?
The analysis of social sustainability and inclusiveness aims at providing an evidence-based assessment of the tangible and potential impacts related to the activities of the value chain, identifying benefits, opportunities, problems, constraints, risks and uncertainties. It should also point at areas requiring more information and in-depth study.
The social scope can be analyzed through many layers of people's life and livelihoods using different methods. The chosen framework attempts to present an image of the main outcomes of the value chain activities in six basic domains: working conditions, land and water rights, gender, food and nutrition security, social capital and living conditions.
Social experts will use a 'Social Profile', a tool with 63 questions to support them in formulating an analysis and appraisal of the social situation. The Social Profile helps guiding the reflection, whilst the experts are invited to use the approach deemed approapiate (e.g. surveys, focus groups, interviews...) to structure their analysis.
The social expert will reply through her/his analysis to the following framing questions and related core questions:
Framing Question 2:
Is the VC economic growth inclusive?
CQ2.1. How is income distributed across actors of the VC?
CQ2.2. What is the impact of the governance systems on income distribution at various steps of the VC?
CQ2.3. How is employment distributed in the VC?
Framing Question 3:
Is the VC socially sustainable?
CQ3.1. Are working conditions throughout the VC socially acceptable and sustainable?
CQ3.2. Are land and water rights socially acceptable and sustainable?
CQ3.3. Is gender and social inclusion throughout the VC acknowledged, accepted and enhanced?
CQ3.4. Are food and nutrition conditions acceptable and secure?
CQ3.5. Is social capital enhanced and equitably distributed throughout the VC?
CQ3.6. To which standards are health, education and training infrastructures and services and do the VC operations contribute to improve them?