VCA4D at a glance!

VCA4D performs value chain analyses (VCAs) across a range of agricultural commodities and countries in order to appraise their contribution to growth and job creation, taking into account the sustainability and inclusiveness of these value chains (VC).

A value chain refers to the sequence of production processes from the primary production to its end uses. It is a system of different types of actors orientated towards the markets (farmers, collectors, processors, wholesalers, retailers…). As such, VCs consider all the stages and all the forms a commodity has to pass through to arrive ‘from farm to fork’!

VCA4D uses a common methodological framework, with the aim of appraising the sustainability of a VC from an economic, social and environmental perspective. This is preceded by a functional analysis, that provides with a general description of the VC, a technical diagnosis of its different stages and an analysis of its governance and power structure.

The methodological framework is intended as a tool for diagnosis and monitoring through the valorisation of quantitative data and evidence-based information. It is built around shedding light on 4 framing questions:


A VCA can be performed at each stage of the projects’ implementation, as it allows policymakers and stakeholders to gain a comprehensive picture of the situation at a specific moment. A VCA4D study and its regular updates can help creating quantitative baselines, capturing changes linked to investments over time (in particular, but not only when working with the private sector), or understanding the real issues at stake in order to better target policies, strategies, policy dialogue and projects.

Each VCA4D study is performed by a team of 4 experts: an agro-economist, a social expert, an environmentalist and a national expert. The experts are researches coming from one of the 30 European Universities or Research centers members of Agrinatura or from its associated centres and partners.

Agrinatura is the European Alliance of Universities and Research centres specialised in agricultural research and capacity building for development. The VCAs therefore take stock, build upon and valorise the substantive knowledge of European research, to make sure that the analyses are scientifically robust, yet independent.   

While the first year of the project concentrated on launching the first VCAs, the next phases will also focus on consolidating lessons learnt, building an information and knowledge management system, and strengthening capacities in partner countries and in Europe to apply and interpret the VCA4D methodology and results.

Agrinatura has established a Project Management Unit (PMU) in Brussels to manage the day-to-day activities of the project.

For any queries, do not hesitate to write to  

For a short overview on VCA4D, we invite you to watch our presentation video!  



Study n°


Value Chain



1 Angola Coffee October 2019 - May 2020 Completed
2 Benin Pineapple April - March 2020 Completed
3 Burkina Faso Mango Feb 2016 - Nov 2016 Completed
4 Burundi Banana May 2018 - May 2019 Completed 
5 Cambodia Aquaculture December 2016 - October 2018 Completed
6 Cameroon Cotton January 2019 - October 2019 Completed
7 Cameroon  Cocoa January 2019 - January 2020 Completed
8 Cote d'Ivoire Cassava Mar 2016 - Nov 2016 Completed
9 Dominican Republic Processed fruits October 2018 - October 2019 Completed
10 Dominican Republic Banana September 2017 - May 2019 Completed
11 eSwatini Beef September 2017 - January Completed
12 Ethiopia Cotton January 2020 - October 2020 Completed 
13 Ghana Sorghum April 2019-August 2020 Completed
14 Ghana Groundnuts April 2019-August 2020 Completed
15 Guinea-Bissau Mango & lime June 2017 - March 2019 Completed 
16 Honduras Coffee April 2017 - April 2018 Completed
17 Kenya Green beans Mar 2016 - Nov 2016 Completed
18 Mali Rice Oct 2015 - Feb 2016 Completed
19 Mali Cashew October 2018 - October 2019 Completed
20 Mali Fisheries June 2019 - June 2020 Completed 
21 Papua New Guinea Cocoa November 2017 - March 2019 Completed
22 Papua New Guinea Vanilla June 2018 - October 2019 Completed
23 São Tomé and Príncipe Cocoa March 2018 - May 2019 Completed 
24 Sierra Leone Palm Oil March 2017 - October 2018 Completed
25 Sierra Leone Cashew December 2017 - March 2019 Completed
26 Tanzania Coffee October 2017 - October 2018 Completed
27 The Gambia Fisheries July 2019 - June 2020 Completed
28 Togo Pineapple February 2019 - October 2019 Completed
29 Zambia Egg April 2017 - April 2018 Completed
30 Zambia Aquaculture April 2017 - May 2018 Completed
31 Zimbabwe Beef September 2017 - March 2019 Completed 
22 March 2017