The Democratic Decentralization Programming Handbook conceptualizes decentralization as a reform that advances the exercise of political freedom and individual economic choice in a context of stability and the rule of law.
Decentralisation reforms have rarely bred empowered democratic local authorities. Discretion and accountability relationships depend on the political economy of each country, and historical/colonial legacies.
This paper from the United Nations Capital Development Fund provides an overview of lessons learned from the design and implementation of performance-based grant systems (PBGSs) for local governments in 15 developing countries. This paper is particularly valuable for central and local government
This volume presents a preliminary framework designed to help international development partners consider the relevance of political economy issues for their programmatic support to decentralization and local government reform.