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  1. Zambia

    INTRODUCTION Zambia reached middle income status thanks to a long period of political stability and economic growth since 2002. However, 42% of the population lives under the poverty line and 33% do not meet basic food needs. To address these challenges, the government published a Revised national...
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  2. Uganda

    INTRODUCTION Uganda faces serious challenges in becoming a middle income country. However, the government has brought stability to the country and reduced poverty in a significant way. Uganda has a very young population, 78% of people are under 30. It also has the highest rate of youth unemployment...
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  3. Tanzania

    INTRODUCTION Tanzania suffered from an economic crisis in the past few years but managed to maintain an important growth and a strong prospect. Transforming this growth into poverty reduction remains a major challenge. Related challenges includes: improving investment climate, economic governance...
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  4. Rwanda

    INTRODUCTION Rwanda is a low income country with relatively high level of poverty and inequality. However, the country’s economy has been growing fast for a decade and Rwanda pursues the ambitious objective to become a middle income country in 2020. Rwanda has to face significant challenges in...
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  5. Nigeria

    INTRODUCTION Nigeria has one of the highest growth rates in Africa, over 6% per year and abundant natural resources. The country plays an active role in regional and international affairs and became an important contributor to peace and security in the West African region. However, poor economic...
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  6. Niger

    INTRODUCTION Niger is one of the least developed countries. Its landlocked geography and climatic hazards hamper its growth. About 60% of the population lives under the poverty line. The economy is mainly based on the agriculture sector but the country regularly suffers from food shortage. Niger...
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  7. Mali

    INTRODUCTION Mali faces economic, social and politic challenges. The population is still growing and the country is more and more urbanized. The recent crisis highlighted the need of strong and competent governance in terms of decentralization, justice and security. The cooperation between European...
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  8. Liberia

    INTRODUCTION Liberia is one of the most fragile states in Western Africa. After years of conflicts the country managed to set up a functioning administration. Unfortunately, Liberia has been facing the Ebola epidemic that has affecting its entire economy. This crisis has highlighted the fragility...
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  9. Cote d'Ivoire

    INTRODUCTION The republic of Côte d’Ivoire is recovering from the 2010 political crisis. The security has improved and the economic growth rate is high. However, the Human development Index of the country is still low and Ivory Coast is ranked 168 th out of 187 countries. A National Plan for...
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  10. Ghana

    INTRODUCTION Ghana is a lower middle income country with the potential to develop its economy. The agricultural sector is composed of crops and forestry and the industries include mining, construction and more recently oil and gas. Ghana is a solid democracy and made progress in terms of Human...
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