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2.4.1 Social dialogue and IE

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Alessio Lupi16 May 2018

Indicators: a) GP and LL on Social dialogue in IE identified.

b) Challenges on Social dialogue in IE identified and possible means to overcome challenges identified and analysed.

Data Analysis Methods: Identification of GP and LL on social dialogue and IE. Analysis of GP and LL to determine adaptability and scalability. Identification of challenges identified during promotion and implementation of social dialogue and IE and determine if/how these were overcome.

Recommendations:

1) Promote and facilitate social dialogue between a range of stakeholders as this contributes to appropriate content, capacity strengthening through knowledge sharing, speedier decision-making and ownership.   Dialogue may include rural/or community members, local/regional/national government, civil society and academia representatives, workers and employers organisations.

References

Evidence sample: The evaluation identified citizen participation, participation of local authorities in decision-making, participation of local associations, and using a good mechanism through the governorate authorities as a good practice.

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2) Reinforce a sense group of identity and cohesion to enable community groups to strengthen their bargaining power so that they can access their rights.

Reference: Poudyal, Lokendra; Upadhyay, Balkrishna; Karki, Laxmi, 2013, Final Report on the Mid – Term Evaluation of Livelihood Recovery for Peace (LRP/UNDP) Project, Midterm or interim evaluation, UNDP, Kathmandu.

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3) Include the voice of youth in discussions related to their development as related to livelihoods/employment creation of people dependent on the IE.

References:

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4) Include media organisations in policy level dialogue to develop messages such as on gender sensitive reporting and the promotion of decent work.

Reference: Jafar, Salmar, 2013, Promoting Gender Equality for Decent Employment, Midterm or interim evaluation, ILO, Geneva.

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5) Pay special attention to promoting joint strategic collaboration between social partners in low-resource settings as it helps to convert competition into collaboration.

Reference: Thakur, Mini; Pandey, Brajesh; Trikha, Divya; Kumar, Poorvaja, 2013, Independent evaluation of the ILO's strategy to promote decent work in the Arab region: a cluster evaluation of Jordan, Lebanon and the Occupied Palestine Territory: 2008-2012, Meta-analysis of evaluations, ILO, Geneva.

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6) Consider the importance of the national political context and other contextual issues when organising social dialogue among the social partners.

Reference: Voss, Eckhard; Gospel, Howard; Dornelas, Antonio; Vitols, Katrin, 2013, What works and why? : Results of a synthesis review of social dialogue interventions 2002-2012, Meta-analysis of evaluations, ILO, Geneva.

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7) Include local stakeholders in the design and validation of projects/actions through social dialogue from the earliest stage. Determining if and when financial compensation for attending meetings is provided needs careful reflection. Wherever possible, compensation should be minimised to ensure local ownership.

References:

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8) Ensure that technical project and other committees are inclusive and have clear terms of reference.

Reference: Summers, Guy, 2013, Palestinian Women’s Economic Empowerment Project – Final Evaluation, Evaluation Summary, ILO, Geneva, Palestinian Women’s Economic Empowerment Project, Occupied Palestinian Territory.

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9) While participation is important, it should be recognised that it is, by itself, not a sufficient measure to ensure effectiveness and sustainability.  Strengthen capacities of social partners in their particular functions and roles as needed. Capacity strengthening may include covering a wide range of organizational capacity skills (management, decision-making, analysis, bargaining) and knowledge (emerging issues, sector- specific knowledge, etc.).

References:

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10) Ensure that entities that will participate in discussions on issues related to people dependent on the IE, first hold internal discussions and are sufficiently aware of the issues identified. If needed address their information gaps.

Reference: Varela, Javier, 2013, Gender-sensitive Labor Mitigation Policies in the Nicaragua-Costa Rica-Panama and Haiti-Dominican Republic Corridors – Midterm Evaluation, Midterm or interim evaluation, Evaluation Summary, ILO, Geneva.

Evidence sample: the evaluation found that, before transferring the tripartite discussion to the national, bi-national or regional level, work must be carried out separately with each sector. It may be problematic to launch the discussions at regional level when the sectors are not prepared internally for the discussion, have information gaps or are not sufficiently sensitized on the issue.

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11) When reviewing project designs, note that the duration of projects should be sufficient to ensure that social dialogue can be adequately implemented.

ReferenceILO, 2014, Decent work results of ILO employment promotion interventions: lessons learned from evaluations, 2003-2013, Meta-analysis of evaluations, ILO, Geneva.

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12) In programs with refugees, involve refugees and the host population well in advance of designing livelihoods programs with people dependent on the IE.

Reference: Holzaepfel, Erica A.; Jacobsen, Karen, 2015, Evaluating the Effectiveness of DOS/PRM Livelihoods Programs in Ethiopia and Burundi, Meta-analysis of evaluations, Social Impact Inc, Washington DC.

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13) After stimulating social dialogue among social partners through IE projects, ensure that clear well organised strategies are in place for strengthened networks to be self-sustainable.

Reference: Buhl-Nielsen Eric, Oskarsson Bertil, 2015, Evaluation of Swedish International Training Programme (ITP) 288, “The Role of Labour Market Policies in Poverty Alleviation” 2009-2015, Final evaluation, SIDA, Stockholm, Covered countries: Tanzania, Kenya and Mozambique

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14) Note that dialogue should not end with a project on livelihoods with people dependent on the IE but rather include opportunities for stakeholders to share successes and lessons learned during and after project end.

Reference: Stockton, Gilles; McMillin, John; Desta, Solomon; Beyero, Mesfin; Tadele, Alemneh, 2012, Mid-Term Performance Evaluation of the Pastoral Livelihoods Initiative Phase II- PLI II (Ethiopia), Midterm or interim evaluation, USAID, Washington DC.

 

SOURCE: RNSF research - Volume 4.2

 

 

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