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2.2.4 Environment and sustainable management and the Informal Economy

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Alessio Lupi16 May 2018

Indicators: a) GP and LL on environment and sustainable management in IE identified.

b) Challenges on environment and sustainable management in IE identified and possible means to overcome challenges identified and analysed.

Data Analysis Methods: Identification of GP and LL on environment and sustainable management issues; Analysis of GP and LL to determine adaptability and scalability; Identification of challenges identified during promotion and implementation of environment and sustainable management issues and determine if/how these were overcome.

RECOMMENDATIONS:

1. Include a broad range of national/local partners, including ministries, professional organisations, associations to build wider understanding and commitment to green jobs in the IE.

Reference: Green Jobs in Asia – Final Evaluation, Final evaluation, ILO 2012, Geneva

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2. Promote the implementation of research on green jobs in the IE with the engagement of local organisations as it strengthens their commitment to sustainable development.

Reference: Governance of labour migration and its links to Development in Mali, Mauritania and Senegal. Final evaluation, ILO 2013, Geneva

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3. When assessing and monitoring IE projects with environmental and sustainable development components, note whether the project is participatory and community-based with respect to planning, implementation and monitoring as it helps build awareness.

Reference: Green Livelihood Access for Central Kalimantan's Inclusive Environmental Response to Climate Change - GLACIER (Indonesia), Final Evaluation Summary, ILO 2013, Geneva.

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4. Take into account that activities with regard to environmental protection can succeed in developing value chains and creating jobs. Review and consider the case study of the Ugandan “Eco-Fuel Africa” company.

Reference: From Paper to Practice: Learning from the journeys of inclusive business start-ups, SIDA 2013, Stockholm

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5. Ensure that programming on livelihoods of people dependent on the IE responds to current and future climate hazards includes a rigorous, detailed, and participatory analysis of livelihoods and vulnerability to climate change and disasters. A comprehensive and rigorous analysis should start with identification and quantification of production data that includes staple, non-staple and non-food production; purchases; wild food collection; market and food processing situations and expenditure choices. It should include identification of the current hazards that affect the target population, including their characteristics, seasonality, frequency, severity, and variability. It also involves assessment of the sensitivity and adaptive capacity of the target population to the identified hazards, to gain a better understanding of who is affected, by which hazards, how, to what degree and why they are affected. The analysis must be disaggregated by gender, wealth and/or IE dependent group. It should also consider any other significant aspects that may affect vulnerability within communities or households.

Reference: Livelihood security in a changing climate: Insights from a program evaluation in Timor Leste. Impact evaluation, CARE 2010, Australia.

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6. Ensure that environment friendly practices are incorporated as a cross cutting theme on all possible interventions particularly with respect to people dependent on the IE and infrastructure related interventions. Sustainable environment issues should not be considered as a separate pillar under TRP.

Reference: Socio-economic recovery in the North and East under the UNDP Country Programme Action Plan (CPAP)

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7. Promote the linking of sustainable (environmental) development approaches into projects focusing on issues such as irrigation and value chain components.

Reference: Pro-poor horticulture value chains in Upper Egypt Final Joint Evaluation, ILO 2013, Geneva.

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8. Promote the development of a range of strategies to support people dependent on the IE in locations where climate hazards are to affect livelihoods. Support households in managing risks. As well as supporting diversification within agriculture, support creation of opportunities outside agriculture, such as handicraft production and sale or work as tradespeople. Strategies for livelihood diversification must be planned based on sound analysis, capturing the full range of hazards people are exposed to, how these hazards interact with each other, and how they affect existing and planned livelihood activities.

Reference: Livelihood security in a changing climate: Insights from a program evaluation in Timor Leste. Impact evaluation, CARE 2010, Australia.

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9. Ensure that project designs well articulate the differences and connections between green jobs, green enterprises and green economies.[1]

Reference: Green Jobs in Asia – Final Evaluation, Final evaluation, ILO 2012, Geneva

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10. Ensure when designing a project linking environmental conservation to improved economic development that all the activities are thoroughly planned including their inter-linkages. Include a level of flexibility in the program design, however, to enable adjustments during implementation in line with realities.

Reference: Performance Evaluation of the Scaling Up Conservation And Livelihoods Efforts in Northern Tanzania Project, Final evaluation, USAID 2014, Washington DC.

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11. Ensure that the inter-relationship between social and environmental impacts ofAN IE project is adequately considered during implementation and assessment of a project. This particularly includes analysis of the relationship of the local socio-economic and cultural context and how this in turn affects the environmental impact of a project.

Reference: Mid-term Evaluation of the Integrated Food Security Project in Kassala: Sudan (IFSP-Kassala). FAO 2014, Rome.

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12. Encourage projects to recognise the different levels of initial knowledge of stakeholders on green jobs and develop approaches accordingly.

Reference: Green Jobs in Asia – Final Evaluation, Final evaluation, ILO 2012, Geneva

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13. When assessing project proposals on the environment and sustainable development, ensure that project components actively promote showing local people that there are alternate livelihoods of people dependent on the IE that do not cause environmental degradation.

Reference: Green Livelihood Access for Central Kalimantan's Inclusive Environmental Response to Climate Change - GLACIER (Indonesia), Final Evaluation Summary, ILO 2013, Geneva.

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14. Ensure that projects include attention to environmental issues in awareness SBCC wherever this is applicable. Monitor and feed back into planning the effectiveness of the SBCC on environmental issues.

Reference: Performance Evaluation of the Scaling Up Conservation And Livelihoods Efforts in Northern Tanzania Project, Final evaluation, USAID 2014, Washington DC.

 

SOURCE: RNSF research - Volume 4.2

 

[1] “A Green Economy can be thought of as an alternative vision for growth and development; one that can generate growth and improvements in people’s lives in ways consistent with sustainable development. A Green Economy promotes a triple bottom line: sustaining and advancing economic, environmental and social well-being.” World Resources Institute. Q&A: What is a "Green Economy?". Available from http://www.wri.org/blog/2011/04/qa-what-green-economy-0 (Website accessed 15 march, 2016)

 

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